cɮ c@mvɮ (kH)

@Ac

w\/TFOS/Sv@

SFɮ

c^/BfcSf/mpA/AF gK/~AgoS/qAɮ..

Arr/A@r

Books_in_English



Parabaas Moviestore




Parabaas Moviestore





 
T@K @- @SF Ae

B O^



T@K @ ; @SF Ae ; ~SĨ ; @U@ɩ, T @r : BSA, 2009 ; ha : AH ATn ISBN: 978-81-906839-5-1




ceU UZ gU AcS cq ~gc Zcq @v | 60/70 ca ~w SS PcAS@ AcK B gK c @a MJa c BSF Acrg̩f @ U@ ArQ w^TU @Ar | j Ak@ Ac AcrK UZ AcrAcF ew w^TU AcKPcAOn Acm@ | A@ا jq cqU cArgwq Zc eAQ | q j i@@ AcK wgf cr @ jce SS ~Acy BS R ~S^ gw c ˻@ H ~\q Z s |

s rAU jZS BS Sq A@ا ~k gAcKF ToS ~r ~a A@ pA ~@KH @, ~@Am@ R ~FAr ~Acy fS R Acmco ~\cݮf cvq, ABɮ cm pAgAR Uv A | ~UOF cqAv AXfo jq wHAU @@v Z p UT |

Ur cH U A AcS w^TU ~^w . @SF Ae T@K @ cqAv jq AcK OfS R ~oAS@ wcKH ^ AccH a | OfS wf AcXo AO^ R sA ASg SFOU AUBA fTcXo @ @AS@ PcAc@ M@A^@ oH j@Av AcrU ްQ | @U ~Acyp w OU AST R wAUAUR fQTkU@ wALL, ASvSf T@K Bsn OTl@ cHS, B gJv F, SOS ~Acy OT@ @AAS a jq cq | ASvSq ZS s pAcf ~T ~Agک T@K s AST, q ASTq OJ, w R okT@ة OU ASH @ | jq Universal c TBwA@ AST oH ~AgSc | ~AmvvUf ~AgT AaU s A˻c jce SQnU@ AST @SS ~Uɰ | jTSA@ SQn Bw TMAU@ ް˻ A˻c OAv TMAU@ ް˻ (BU, R, TAv R ~S) @ p@, AAS s ST AAaUS quint essence (ޡT cm) | ASvS jq `terrestrial and celestial unification'-j o ~oAS@ AcSR OUa | ASr rNf TITAI mAvr PcAS@ TFRU ZS s AcFl, Oc@ R ~U TkU: j@q rA | ~qSmvqS m AaU T@K R TFRU LL@ j@ cJo U | U AS c ca cFf q O | c ~B @ ca OA\Ur@ ~w TAH U s TH@^ ToF@ UW rA (Weak interaction) AcFl-Oc@ Acg | TH@^ Strong interaction (d rA??) jce T@K@R j TUS, c ToF j@ ^S, w JAOr ca ALL@ wcKH ~SFT oS UQF |

~A@U @ TS @ mS (space) R @U (time)-j T -ASQ | ASr rNf rKA@ TFRU LL R ASvSf wALL ToF ~ewA UQ @ | jq TF ToS @S ~\cݮf ~qSmvqS | J AcrK ~AQ@ LL (Special Theory of Relativity) jq ~ewA k @U cv A@ا mS R @U ASQة@ Ac AS U | @SF jq AcKAv jce j cf Acv ްQ, T@K@ ~AQ@ LL TUS, s ~qSmvqS ~SSF @fA, B R ^gc cAIaS | mS R @U gA cm @a@Aa cn oH @ ; jq Ac@pAq T@K !

~qSmvqS T@KLL c oH ~AQ@ة (General Relativity) fQ @ B S, @H s T@K ~T OO cIަ @ ZS jce oH w- BwR ASvS R ~qSmvqS LL ˻@F ~A ~\, sAR pAgA R TkU @iT j@cq ~Uɰ | sZS T@K cU ZS j ˻@FR ~S@ | ~F^ gA jce WS ް˻ @a@Aa oH ~AQ@ة BL | jq AcK ~UOS- @SF @pG Acc c Black Hole jce ASvS c U (Pulsar) ~S@ ~EOsBS@ @fA@U @ B A@ا ~A-Uf@p S, jTASgc cFZF @aS | j ~a SQn BfcS@AAS, ~\cݮf O^rZ (j-ca J B^rcAK@f) @B TkUFS | @TAcB ZFɩST AcSf jAevS R ~SFSF jq @B @i AcAo U gA Sv@f rK BfcS ~UOS c ca AAa s | jq AcK AcmA̩ Zc ~a K. C. Wali- `Chandra' -cqAv |

~qSmvqS TpF , Kv r@, ~AQ@ةc ScBwH Wv | j ~a @xvT LL R A@e-Ac@fH, wAAcF (Thermodynamics) R @pG Acc ASAc swkn qFA Ay R @MUɳf@ ~UOS | cI s @SF jq AcKAv @ة gUcS |

o LL@ Sq cqAv | A@gc s scQH @ @pG Acc ~AmL TAH U, @B (Quasars) m A@, c wFUA, jTSA@ ~T cɮmS a c Milky Way @^ c ~A AcrU (Super massive) @pGAcc cɮ, jqc OɡUF@ Zc BS gUSAS UAZ@ |

TFRU-j AcFl-Oc@f LL AmA UQHf | wcKHw jq b-j Z ATUAaU ASr rNf wɦ A@ | BwfrO^ c j m AS TkUFcS @B @S | AR R TqnRg, ~cUA, prF ~U, X-AE qFA jq AcAOn | ~qSmvqS J Tf@HAU @ ZUS s T@K QnR pA s ~U wA cA c | j@Av ASvS-BAv cFc @ jq ~AmL TH U 1980 Swɰ | A@ا q S @ j S o BSF AcSf i UwaS | SS r fQw jce @@Av T@rsS sF AcrU interferometer-j J jq T@K-b o O OUc | 2018 U ToFq jq b ^ɩfgc o sc jTAS ~r @ sha | gAcKF jq b j@Av SS BSU ZU c Acr@ SS ~U Z BSF | w ~o-rNf AR, TqnRg, ~cUA, ~A-cwSf R X-AE sF AcrBw c^ ~T oH c jAw wa | s-c WvS AcFl-Oc@f SwU cq Z sc T@K-bj ToFT | wFUA @^ U@S Zc, Sg- cF F, ~A kcf wT-AE AcmH F, jTS A@ Acw cFe-j SA-SQn Zc T@Kf kcfH o ަc j@AS |

oH ~AQ@ة fTcXo o @pG Acc @^ c Ac.w cFe-j B^Tk | T@K R @xvT-LL ATr Z S | ~STn mS R @HTn T WvScUf cI U @xvT LL ~As | jZSR T@K BSF @S gwa @xvT QnLL PA @ sAS | ɽ fTcXo jqvq @H | Av ~rBS@ ~a TS : Amve ARA R @xvT BFATA | A@ا j- rK A@ ~a ~c ~M A@a ~a A@ S jZSR @ش BSS S | rK Aha i@@ "BS ~BS fT" MJAa @SF cqAv rK @aS |

cqv cf emH BSF ~T @@Av ~So ~a | 82 p, sZS T@Kf T H @ ~UAO a, ZS ɰ cTS (white dwarf) Bɩf , s T@K cU, cHUf UU-^ A@ ~ɮ @, \UZswF | 1920- r@ Adams ST j@ BFAAc @FAUAS Tɴxv qUS TSTA^ Sirius B, ~˻l UNo@ SQn ɰ cTS fAv cHUf fQ @ jq ~ɮ Z S s ~qSmvqS Ac TU | cU vAUm kQ pA jq fQ ~ BU TH a | ASvS Qn jq ~ɮ ATH ~S@ cAr -- 20% | ɲA@ scQHAU ~AQ@ةcɰ@ ~cR T˻S @a |

~S@ TS @S s AcrK R oH ~AQ@ة gc ~T BfcS ~c^ | ~S@q BSS S s Global Positioning System (GPS), s sF jS R BB OUS jce US R wA s sF @S Ai@S, @S, mJ qFA ZJB R Zc B, ~AQ@ة sF aɦ ~OU | j@v cAI cU s@ | ~S@AU ~SAc@ WAs @pAnT w 20,000 A@.AT. hO @ Wxv 14,000 A@A.T. cw pAcf@ AQH @a | pAcf s-@S Ac^ @ ~^ OAv w Z s s-@S T | ABAj w@s^ j @ T e@ة Tn 5 @ 10 ATv ToF ASB ~cmS BS | j BSF T e@ةAU ~ASEOݩ Acr-Anr SFS-@ @T c | ~U j@ SFS@ OU j@ بv |

s wAU gkp @ ~S@ ~a, sZS T@K @T, oH ~AQ@ة cU ZS WA pAcf WA US ɦɩA OUc ---- jQn AS 45 Tqn@ jAw sc | ~c AcrK ~AQ@ة cU w WA AS ɩ Tqn@ Aa sc pAcf WA US ~AQ@ wA BSF | q jq ~AQ@ T c Ac ASU w WA ~T WA O PAS@ 38 Tqn@ jAw @c | q ~AQ@ة@ Q @U gU ATH 38,000 SFS@, s U ~cmS gU c PAS@ 12 A@. AT. ! ~˻l ~AQ@ة eroS AcS ABAj ~OU jce oH ~AQ@ة RBSq jZS cAr | Ac ɬUF ABAj cFcq ~AQ@ة ASFPSATA@ TH |

jq kn Ai@ T T sF T A@gc gkp ~cmS ASH @ , ~ɰr rNf qeB WA ASTɩ q OT@ w\ @MkUf i@ Dava Sobel-j Longitude cqAv cS |

162 ɩ Acr H LA^ c jce ~prF rA Ac@K@ cU swS @ Zc eQ cU a | s 1998-j jq ~FAr R AcZFɩ ~Acy w r ca AA a jce ~oAS@ Acr©LL j@Av oS ~ ia (Lambda - CDM model) q j@v Acrgc AcKAv ~UOS @ | AcrK @ AcAg^ kL Type 1a Sg (BUT "standard candles")- ~ɩ BU @ A@ gc Acr H qAɮ WAv a (LAH H d 5 AcAUS ca ~w) j@v AcmA̩ gc cAI cUU i@ ɲA@ jTS A@ gAcKF SS ~Acy ls cI Aco c cU TS @A |

cqj rK caq @ @@Av cq jce A@a gU BcoF c^ R web links-j (T^cF) \UZ @U lf i@ @p cS |

jc @@Av nAv R THT @ UAa | 20 ɩ T@Kkn T @r 1685 U | @FU@بU ~Acy UqcASv-j \UZ BS | 24 ɩ 1 Se aAc c 3 Se aAc | B 5 Se aAc cHS cAr R @T @ \v AUZU aAc ATUc | 86 ɩ rK c@FAv c a a | 134 ɩ AXf Fw "@^ @a ... wFUA" ~erAvR c a a | 94 ɩ ޡr UQ c JOr @Av ~c 5 AcAUS, @H ks qBS @ AAUT PA c (Main Sequence) ~ݨ r AcAUS ca | ks B^AaU 5 AcAUS ca ~w | 102 ɩ "AAUT @^@ j@Av vS R j@Av ASvS"-j Bw "...Av ... Av.." c | 27 Se aAc ~S Av ST cU @ ASU 147 ɩ cHS ATUc | ~R @@Av THTɰ OZ ަU A@ا U wMH |

ޮe cAU cqAv Zc gU a | ASvS cf T@K cI @AiS | jq AcK SS A@ Bgc cIS Tvq B S, AcrK AcS AgK R ~e@ cɰ A | jq @B @SF @p@s aS | AAS ceU AcSi@ @a oSFcɰ cS |


(cɮ-45, jAU, 2010)



jq UZ ~S @TS UwU ?




© 2010, Parabaas, Inc.