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Books_in_English



Parabaas Moviestore


Read an extract of Noton Noton Pairaguli (tr. by the author)




 
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~ UAZ@ anBfcS c^Ψ ɩS | j@q anc A@aAS @ c AO | @UB v rK U r U UAZ@ A@aAS BSF TFJ ɩS R Ac ~Aݩ mf@ @S | ~ ~^ ~U Tk ɩS OAn PcArF mAcoAU J TS swl @MkU R ~@KH Bw | ɩS j@o TAxv@, ~cwcH jce ~^TZf | mgc @M@Aݩ, aUTSKf jce fc ~LTsɻco ATUATr | ɩS SAnr ca BfcS j@Ao@ @ػ gC jce w w\ ASAaU g̩f c^cf@ | BfcS sɻnT ja j@ ~ɬwS, j@ ɮf sc@, jce j@ qeB | @ػ jq QAH@ة BSF f A@ ɩS AcAg^ T AT@ SA@ ASBq ? j j@gc ZJB R s ɩS BfcS wgf STU - s aA ~a Ac AS B^cFf qA | B^kn dr-~TSf Ao@f, oT ~˻, ^ ccɮ@f ɩS ~^w OS j@Ao@ ɩ Aɩ nf @ - s BfcS a^@ @ U ~Am, Acsm | AgvOF AAT - sJ@ cpXo c jv@ب ~r BSF ^S W , mTf-A̩F T - sJ@ QبA^cpA BSF m ArT @ - jJ BfcS ~f qAɮ jce gC m cTS a T ~SH @ ɩS@; ASB W cJo m@ ~Uf@, AcgT cU TS |

ɩS jATw BfcS X^ jce s^H jq mpAAgA@ @ASf @^ UR @pA jce OUTS BfcS ɩ jZS AQة S | ~ @@UfS PSrcݨ cS ST ASBS o wpmcA cwS O ަ U @ بU AaJ ~S cHS q c^cf ިyfA ATr @ dH c aUTSKf jce BS ~S S qha | qeB jce ɮf BA cwSAcU dAO @T @ AO^S AUS@ | @-cAmU BSf T ha rAr ~a K@U, cQ|Tk Z TATTf Sɩ̰T-j cHS |

1981 U Sf, Swf sZS w^@ @Ar ZS @ة@f gkAT@ AUZAaUS, "... SvS SvS AU, sAv jZS r-j cha - -AHA cfB, ~T TS , ASA ~a jq Sf, Swfq |" (p.17) Sf, Swf s gcScfB SvS SvS AU cpQ AHA a @@Av ~AgTZ@ Sɽ @ s | T, Acer r@f SfgcS - s oTn AUPcKTF Ac fTcXo S @ cp R cF@ة j@ A̮ MJa | Sf Pco, TSS jce ~LTsɻco mf@pA cf @ | AXfݩ, UAZ@ mgcq J AAr»@ @ػ l@ jce @MkUf | ~oFS c dH c Acr cɮ jce r Acc @ eBfcSsS J q Bɩ cH Ar@ BUAS @a | U:, ~oS OAU ~˻ AcrS c kcq J OS AcrAݩ | ~^:empA@ ~ɰSS J @a R cɩ Tq mgAc@ | pfݩ, UAZ@ jq AcrcfQ cmA^ | j@A@ sTS AAS TSAc@ @ػ ~^TU cr @aS, ATrAcc R ATr Ao@ AcAg^ A@@ U jSaS, TSq qA UcU A@ec ~^BɻA@ BSfA - SfAR J AcOHQn cq @AS | O˻, ArQ jce TSS ~^BɻA@ TSA@ة UR UAZ@ AO ޡgk AcUfS sS @ZS - ce ~LA BSF Uq @ - TɩpgK UZUAZ @ s ~SFT | qAcABT-j Qɩf UR AF A AAS cXo | J w\ SF s TSKAU @ AAS cUS ToFR jq ~LAO ZJB ~^:AUU o cA |

SvS SvS AU SfgcS AcK @ة@f J cq TZc^ cUS, "jq SF... r@ Sf-~^US خU W ~S a" | (p. 9) @ة@f @بrf @ɮAF jq A@Av AS qAkc UZ j@Av c^ ~AT TvTAv Acmpgc ~UOS @ O @Aa (AUAU R ASf / ިPcJ / 7T cK / 1T eZF / BUq 2001) | Sf, Swf ɩS AaU A@av Acg^ | j@A@ Ycw, W cJo mgAc@ ~@CQ, ~SFA@ :AZSf T A @ةcFco jce jATw BfcS cS ATU ATr ~Am, ~ASAEO ɩS BfcS | ɩS BfcS v R X^AU@ sS ABT-j ToF U cHg WAvaS UAZ@ SvS SvS AU- | A@ec cU s ~S@AU Sf sS l @ ASw ASBm a^ R wA ZJB OUa @CAQة TS | AT AOSS A SvS AUAU AT-j ^S - s nTr AH j @^f SfgcS f@ | ~ɰT-j T ASf AaU AUAU | A@ا ިdK ~ɻl ~ɰT TS ~Ao@ cf @ Dr @ cA^Sf @ pA @S Dg@, s @TSc@F TS Sc ~ɰT rL | jq SF jA@ ww, gFUA AUSS, A@A AmS, JB cSv, AT AOSS, AS F̮S BfcS W R cA w\ o AUAU R Dg-j q AO^S Uq | @ZS AUAU TS ~Ao@ O ~c @ZS c Dg @TTqB @ |

1978-79 U sZS SvS SvS AU nTr w ia q T j@Av qeAB c^ UZS @ة@f -"Towards a Multi-Dimensional Women's Movement"; , 1985- ABɮ An@ BSF j j@Av ceU S cTAn@ Sf-~^US ~AgTZ - ST A | ceU c^Av cTS J c^ e@US OU^ ASTɻH-j ~^w a | jq c^ UAZ@ AcAg^ Tr, AcAg^ m T BfcS aAc U jSaS - mS a rKH, cS jce Ac qAcp | ceUr F^ wTɡU A̰ OKf Ac T @ sTS ~a, TSq ~a TA@ػS s @pf T | jq s @aS UAZ@ ASB cFAw BfcS ~Agک@ | @Sɦ jce wv AcvS J e-BfcS T c j@o T, mf jce wp@nf AnAco AL TU @TSgc wcKH @AiS rp ~H @US eQ ~O TTmrf cHS q qAɮ Accp @aS AAS | rAr ަU cI s SvS SvS-j SfgcSq H jq c^ | UAZ@ ASB gK OS Ԯcn Ac@fH TU |

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AT@ i gAAU@ Sf, Swf bC UZ ~LPBcAS@ OS TS | c jq @H s jAvR TިdKf cS AScXo jce Sf, Swf T mST Amϩ S @UR c s ZAOnAv بv Ri ~S@Qnq UAZ@@ j@L TS | sTS, cf^S aAc AcK J ~SA^l, gAAU@ cf^@Ac ~Scɰ ަ R, J qeB mTf - gpA qAʩ s OAn AUFvAv PA @ Av@ sS me @ة@fq cU Sɽ @ qha Bw i@ TS | AcrK, @ة@f 'Memories of Argentina and Other Poems' cq "The Mysterious Universe"-j ɰprF ZJB R s jq @ASf @@Av prF emS | sTS, TS AOnrSf sR, OS vɴS ToFgBS, Av. Ag- AQH ~TA@ w Ar AcK FAOn Z gpA | vc 1999- @Ar jq @cFw^ | j@q ca r̰f r-j @Ar gAAU | TT p AF Av m^ BJ-j jq oS RgUFAe Zc mgAc@ | ~crF UAZ@ BASaS, gAAU J cmc Z @S j@Av OAn c AAccS S | jAv ASTɻH ~@ AAS ew @aS j@Ao@ l @ jce @\S ATAr | ~ TSK @\S ~AcATr @S cm S, ~Agک ASsɻ ATr @q |

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gAAU @@ T Ql qeUF j@ ~v wFUA H, "PwA@nrAg T^ j@ BU @U" | gAAU ZS SA Tk-@p j@ gms mO ~J@ AST | @@ mlA̩ re gAAU jq gmsAv @ػ J ~^ASA ABɮ @ BSS | j@ AcrU gf rf SfTkA - s TAv Qب - sS j@ STSK | gAAU rAߩ r - Sf TAmyfS rf̮cm ZSq A@ Ar\f rF ? jq AO nTr wb۩ ~vwFUA @FAxvS AXf Q jce ZS @ aAc W OF Ar\@U @ػ mA@ gc AcAST | AO nTr c^ΨL TS MJa sZS @@q R cf^@Ac ~Scɰ gAAU cFZF @S SA Tk gmsAv ls | cf^S "c^" @Ac ~SH AAS cUS jq dg Sfrf me pAcf | Bfconf AAS, Jq ToF Tm Hf Xgc jce AcU | A@ا TSK Ug, g BBA̩ @ Ua BSSf oAnf@ | A q cSg cS @ ~, Tk@ pA AAS @cU O ~aS | gAAU jq cFZF mp S @@, "BfcS ~ Ar\@, @Ac ~ gms@ A@gc ATAU AUS ! cI A, TSKAv oH SS |" (p. 649) jq ~ɩ oH, @p ~-oH TSKAv A @MkU jce ~@KHq J c^ΨL@ pb۩ @ |

@ZS eq Av sBS POAS@ Sv@ ~AgS gw @, @ZS Tv ~c sS, ~c @ZS c U ~F@AT ~AB AOnAr\f TS- rSf Z OU @ J ecf ~UOA̩, gcS ~ɰSS | A@ا TSK BfcS j@TAn@ S | AcrK, gAAU T Ar\f TSK BfcSsS qAcpAU Z A@ec rA^ S cQn | J Q T AS gAAU@ Z @@ TS AaU, "J@R j@Av gms T Z - MTF R rS, A@ا j@q DKl c^Ψ, s EOɰgkAT c: @S ~˻kH qAɮ a |" (p. 647) nTr WAv q ASA qAɮ - s j@q cFA R TA, AS@v R k |

BAw AcO TkU dr gAAU, BTɻAS dr ~w@ cero | BTɻS Ao@R c A@av ATra Ac | Prrc @va J AXf AcrsXo T BTɻAS | cf BfcS mf S qeUF | qeB mf AU, ިn AS@Uɮ jce @SF wAcU@ AS J e | cc T U@w UR cJO ~aS ~A cpXo AAT ~\ | sJ QHcQH AL sgc gAAU jce J cS | e gAAU cerSnT ~Agcɮf | dr-BTɻS Ao@, U ~ɮ AS mpA jce cTS AcvS c ~Agک ATU ATr w Ua J AcrcfQ | J TS Aw^@ @a A̩, OS@ iJq Aa Qب cFAm˻ o» |

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cFAnTf jq sc@Av TSA@ gc gC sZS jq w\ cTS ~a pf AA@ WvSAv - "AXf AcrsXo cf q cpT @بdQn" - cAS sXo, swmAg cT cKH | AS@U ɽS AT@ AcS, cUw cA^ | swmAg A cpvS ~ATnUg ~OH AS@Uɮ@ ASB @a ~of @ UAaU - WT cA Z ~LF O @ |

c AS@U jq ~LSS O @ةv AAmA O ~ @ةvq c BSAv@ Ao@ خU - @ػ j@v ABɮ @q s | @H, @SF wAcU cS ~Ssf gAAU ASB TFAS@ AAg | Tm @ASf B Z s ~S^, mkA, ~cw @ZS AAS i ~S b-j Ok, ~c @ZS c sS ~U | J Waɦ ~AS@ة cSco jce @TBfcS @A˩ ~ɬUF, Z@UfS @B UqS O J@ iU AS s A@S jce mgc ArScH J@ o A U Z | BfcSS^f S@ T j@ ~LWɩf AcKu, j@ "Ac^ Acm"co JR "~^w Ag ZU @" jce J@ "^, ^ @" |

c "Uɮ@v W" gAAU rK AHA S | rKc ArS AcK @ب @ Xo ~r AAS mS^A̩ S ~cA@ ɮɩU | ZS @@ jce J mTf J@ Z wU gAAU BSS AAS@U AOA@l rAr ~Z ~c TkAU AAS gA UaS @Ac AUZ | j UZ Tݮf S, ASB BS, ASBq BSF UZ | jq @AcAU ToF A J ~^w, ~cdXo ~cw sS ZJB a j@ ASwTSTZ | gAAU OAn jq A@Av ATU a SvS SvS AU @Ac FA c@ػv-j | FAR J BfcS j@Av c AcK ~n^ AaUS jce @Av i @Ac A ToF A Ug @AaUS mf ~wF | OAnAv jq ɰprF @ @ة@f me \UZ @aS cq TZc^ | (p. 12)

@ASf rKer @@ U oaS gAAU @AcAU TkU ASsɻ | j@ ItAcom @pA aAc i ja ZS | wa U I ަ بU, U, ɩ ~coA̩ gc BAw U ~\ TZ rS dr Acc mpA, AcrAcFU S I بU T mkf@p dH an Tp | Ae ^ pAcf jTS I cec ja | aSa @ A wa @pA cS R BfcS ~@CQAU@ | c gAAU @Ac I cHS Sq, ~a ItrK cFSwg R ArAT r^ @pA @ | s @pA @U A sR @ cf^S cUaS J @Ac ("c^"), s @pA Pos R AcKu ATkA ia SA Tk gms - q @pA | gAAU sS Acrɮ @S gF R T ~ ɩAU A TSK j@AS ~r ZJB c @pA c@ |

@ة@f @بrf qS gcS U@Av @ZS AcOF S ~S g@^ @ | AAS sZS @S gcS@ @r @S SF, Sv@ A@ec c^ ZS cU @, ~cw @ A@ا sA ~Aggc@L AU S @ZSq | J SF Sf hO ~LWKH ^Z, cJO c @ R ~AL@ ~oFAL@ Qبo AS̮S l | c @ة@f SfgcS @ZSq j@IJ@ S | TSKFBA ~oɻer ~ɻl ިdK w AAS bUR gc AS, YfS, ~FOf @T jJv S S @A˩ c Sfcɰf T | Sf, Swf A@ec SvS, SvS AU J pA @ɮ TkU T @UR ިdK ja Ak@ | AcrK, SvS SvS ... -j FA c@ػv @AcOOɻ, Tao, Mb c AS:ʩ, mf ~gFm ɲF c AAC dHf SvS c AS Os BSF cF@بU - c ATAU SfOAnoS SFɮAv j@ BU PcfF Amϩ | jq OAn pA cAI ިdK Y rN S ~w SS UAZ@ | J cfQH jq cFA jce Bɩ empathy~R mĩ @Ar gAAU- | ZS ިdK ~^Bwl jce cAAcr PXo jce ~K@ TTf @UT بAv UaS AAS | AcKAv j@ SS Tn MJa J ɲA@ةT SFɮ BU بJ ~S-j j |

jq SFɮAv ASTɻH A@ec ~A@ A@ @R ZAS@v ~AgSc | ~crF Tw ASfQ خU UAZ@ AAv SFɮq | AOAi kn wJ U SvS SvS AU 1981-82- @ة@f UZS cf^S R Ag@A R@ ^S (1985- @Ar) | SFɮ R wcKH Av o@ cHf T cJo UaS AAS jZS | SF OAn ~SAT@ nAn@. mpA@, AOAin @ F ew @ Acer-r@ To AcZFɩ Sf-cFAL Ag@A ިSASTɻH @ | j@خT me Ag@A sS AOAin ɩ a Tk i ɩ oS ~SAT@, S cFAw v | BU بJ ~S SFɮAv w ia Av OAn - ~S jce ATAU BcAS, @ػ s Aީިnf | s-XoA AAS j BS AO^ BU cSaS SF v@AS@ AcO SS S | Acer-r@ AXf-pf r@ Bݮ A@ec U SFɮ TSK OS wgf̩T r cr s @ ^AO @AaU q stream of consciousness; ceUɮAFR AcAg^ T sJ TSSoTf SFɮ AUZaS, cFc @aS jq XoA | okBAvɰ TZoF, wU U, fS gɰf, cXoc c @ Tr c, AcTU @ A@ec rFTU woF | c @ة@f SF AcrKL U @ZS J OAn AAS MJa S mpA ~AU^ sZS @ Z s OAv B^ ~ɮsR Ma W | Av Tr AcAg^ gK R empA TSK | gf @ ~ ~R ~S@ AAO, ~AAO TZ | @ش c^Ψ c ~Lf, ~c @شc ecɰn ɩ A@ec AvAg ̰ @ TZ cɦ | ~crF rq Aa^ a c wA | SFA@ OAn SAT jSaS WvTS cmc TAv | ɮɩU Sɮ ~c BS ~S jce SS A@ec Aew ATAU sZS @ cU ZS cTS j@v A̮ Pf , @ػ ToF@ kQ vSrS ~gɮ TU | ~ jZSq jq SF ~AgScL | UAZ@ @Mv @ @d@s ZS, ~c ^OS @ ZS Ag@ TAHTR | SF OAnAv mS jce @U AQ TSgTH cFA Acm@ | r, @U, empA g Sf-ިdK @ػ ~AQ@ة@ aJ Acer-j@Acer r@ gF cFZF OU sS @ة@f | J jTS ~Sɮ ^ wTS @R @a ~ɩpA @^OFA cU TS | A@ا TSSrfU i@Tnq cIcS s TSK TS jTS gcq TkToF cQ| AnT @ | AO^ TI av av rAA@ RU UU c @pAnT, cq @ OA R |

r ~Ar p jq SF WvSnT j@AS | ASAv 2002 U cA rK A@ec TO wɦ A@ | mS US ~k j@Av r jce @U@ɩ | ~w AS ~S cJ OZ ~mO a | AS @U WT gC jq OZAv@ cFB-T @ ~Acy @ OZAv mgAc@ pA A ~qAS, ̧ Av A prFTS Bwl@ TS ha sS gFS wW-j ~J@ mv-qrASmv aAc UFm | mf BS R BAS ݩ ~S ިS gA ɮɩU qTBA^ R | ZS OZ Ag@ O @TS AOA@l d | cA@ Tv ɮɩU c mS | ~SFA@ ~S-BS-j T ^S ATAU @U@ɩ | ~S Z۩ cS ~ɻl ATSAޮf cA | AS cq A@ec nAn@ , qxvSv-j sF AcAg^ LL \Uɮ OU, @ZS ^W j OvBUA Zc cAS S, cB ɦ T vAUS c s c cA c vAUS @ cU | ~ɻl ~mϩ @H S UR ATAU TvTAvgc AS: Am̩ ASAv @v | OAnAv jq AmA TS@ ~co AcOH q ~c@r @TcFm TI s @ZSq c AaU S |

j@AvTn AS WvS UR jq SFɮ ~f @ cTS gAcKF A@ A̩ | cTS ~AgW sTS mA^ TSq OS m ^Sf ~U U MJa s ~f mpA W | jq l A@ A sR wgf ~a ~LAO j@ ZJB | ~S gK, -"... jZS ST Ac^Av A@gc MJaUT, @f q sn qAɮ, cI U knU Bv aɦ aɦ A s c j@c q ~^@ ~c, Tɩpwg..." (p. 174) | cTS jce ~f TI swkn ~S^S jq SF i ja OAv B^ aAc | T, ~S TɩT TɩTf B^ - s Ql ~S sMcS T r qeUF j | AXfݩ, ~S cc, @@, @A@T ~dHUZ, T Av | jZS UQHf, ~S cc jce @@ ~STf A@ا ~dHUZ c Av @cU mST Amϩ S, ST BA @ v@ ~SK | j @H A@ jq s UAZ@ SfBw rA@ ? SA@ jq @H s Prrc T@ S rkSFco jce q rkSF kH @ @A@T mha ~S TS Of mpA s @ jJ@AaU mf AaU AH cR ? US cc A@ec @@ A@av k TSK | Tɮf R T - ~FASv R AcS, TT TFU@T | pf B^ ~a ~S R mf BS jce kn o ja ~R cr A@a OAn | ~S ɰ @Tf @SF UA, v-T^-AgU, cS R Tf UqB, jaɦ @U@ɩ ccɮ@f ~S Z۩ cS ATS jce mTf ABS | O˻ B^ ~a ~S-BS @SF R ިn ATAU jce Aew | ATAU-Aew c^ΨOnAv ~^BɻA@ | sTS, BTɻS aU ^, ~o qeB ~o qSf TF˨ jce ~o mAvr ~o qSf mf AS@U | AS: AcAvr sc@ AO rAr ~a @ب cA^ SAnr gqcS j@BS ~ATS | jq T^U ~a @U@ɩ cCAU aU SS s ATAU @ػ c^ΨL @ذf c i wgf̩ ~SgkA ީF@r cr @a | AcAg^ r OAv B^ TSKAU ATUATr ccH @UB Pf @ jq SF | c ~crFq ASa@ cHTݩ j j@Tn PcArF S | TSKAU cABfcS jce TSBwl ~S@AU j@@A^@ cp T mAީ a | cFAw @ػ jce ~SgkA ASAɮ @ cp TBgcS jce qA AAo A@ A@ec AAo @ @^ A@ A̩ AO^ ~AS:rK c | @ZS ~S gcS AAo aJ s Zc @wB ަ j@Av WvS - US r̩Uf ca Anr BPS@ sc@ TpF ~ɩ ~ɩf | sc@Av @ZS qgASe Arv AAv AAaU | ASB cA wɦ @@BS @ vU bU ިA T | ecɰToFT @Ar ިAUr ccF, TSKAv "RB qS F e ~Fv F e vqT"| jq T^cF ToF @R sS a j@ ha^ mAS | IHɻ sTS SA UR @ AW ~c OS @, TAS jq T^cFAv@ @^ @ ~cA ~S gcS | "ASBS U@ ~S j@Av TSK@ ZT @ , U A^BS ~ɩf A^Av TSK@ c j@B TSK ~ j@B TSK@ rK @ A c S @S ?" (p. 24)

~S jq r gcS S g @ b aJ R AwU-j T @ZS MJa s jwq vc ~TA@ Bɦ Mo oe WvS | ~c @ZS c Acer rNf AvU qf ASoS s, AArT-SwɮA@ ~TA@ cTcKH jTSA@ kcc TAv j@ɫ F@, wv @FU@v A@AUe, rgw-cf mpA g Ri TS ~S | ɮɩU c rAݩ ~S fA۩, @ɩ co @ rNf rNf-cFf TSKFgF jq wb AS̩ |

~S ASB@ jq @U^ ~er Ac Sɽ @ | @SS cc AsAS B^kn cCAU, r ɽ jce T AsAS B^kn AcAvr, r Sɮ - J ~U AXf AcrsXo T g̩cK | BAw ~cmS Ag^ A@ec sXo, ̽Q BS @ػ ̮S @S AcW WvAS | J Accc^S ~cXo S | jTSA@ ~S T Av sZS rf SA@ Tq A sS, ~m AAT c @ Aw ASB B^gkAT TAvq rK AS:rɮ US, R ~Lf ABS ~So o ~wF @ ~S cc cA@ BfcSv j@q @Av S | ~ ~S Prrc @ sMcSc s^ c Ri @A@T ~dHUZ mha |

~S BfcS S@r A@\SAv jTSgc @aS UAZ@ s ~^w AcATrH g̮TFAv AQة | AcAvr-g̩f s Ao@ sBF Q @ BfcS To @v @U@ɩ, cA@v qeUF | @U@ɩ @UB mɩ@ m s^ ަrS ~S s T r qeUF | ZS Tɮf ~FASv jce ɰ AAT ɰF ~^A@ة Bq jq SS rAv@ ASB AXf B^gkAT Ac wH @ | jce ~SA@U ToFq BfcS ~ BS | T ~Lf ~S @ q ~r AAaU s cAw ASޫfS co @ @ZS fA۩ @AS | ~ BS SS BfcS f S | @Acc Tc jce Accɫ T ^SoH, ^SUS, @TBfcS AmA ZJB gpA Wv aJ aJ ~S jce BS g BfcSq ~B MJaa MbL r^ ~ccA@ | oH jq c MJa A m @ػ ~gFm R ASAEO^ co @ | A@ا ~S wgf̩T r fWAS ASf SfAv @ػ j@ ~ASEOݩco ~n^ | TS ~crF jq S s BS @ػ TS @S ~Agsw ~a c ~ | ~S jq j@A@Lco, mf TSA@ kL @H ASA ~a ~Agcɮf wgf | dH c @TcFm, j@v SS r j Ar@ئ wɦ, e ɩ, ݰAL US ~: s BS @ ɩcw T j@BS Tqwxv@ iU AS s ~S@ذk | A@ا MbL MJa ~S nTr ~Sgc @ BS jce ToF a ~SUA@ة @@Av cp | wgf̩T @ػ ASgpT ~SgkAAU@ BS sS @O @ T gJB @ U Za ASBm ~UTA | ~S e ~cw mf A@ jAw AwR wm cFm R eA@ة ~ɦU A aJ S BS@ | ~O ~BR ~S TS BU C ~J@ ~a sMcS ASAU aAc | T AO A@aAS ToFq cAxv cS cA Z sR, Oq@gAm S U@ S S BS WAS A^oF T c̬ I prF gw @, Ac FAUF-j BS-j Aޮf cA c sR - sZS ~qv-@v-AA wgcf BS@ Z ~S K@SF cU gT AaU | A@ec ~R A@aAS , T ^S ATAU B^ cf @@Tɮ sZS ~A˻@gc ZAS haU S - @AiS ArT q ASAU @ZSq dg co AS mA@ ASg̩ jce gUcɮ | Mb ~S ~BR fAީ co @ sMcS q ASAU mpA | A@ا BS sS ASB O޻r» j@ ~prF Of A A ~ | AHcm BS jq kQ AcSAU cI ~S@ A@av sF @ BSq c^cf T^ BfcS R TSA@ة | mTf-A̩F T^ sZS cJO @ R ASsS AAv OFU j@ T@AcU @, AA c^ΨLkH sF ɩR ZS ~S TS r Bw "qeB T cq TFSB @ ?" | (p. 153) jq ccOS j@v ~er ASEOq ~S ASB mf BS |

T^ BfcS pf A@ec O˻ ިdK AgU | TSKAv cFAL H ~S Ac @UR TS B @ S | A@ا T^ AAO c^ΨTU BAS s jce AgU A S jce m BT @v cɮ @ S | j AcK T^ ~AA̽ OS R BAS An@U ~S OZ Acpr i@ | jTSA@ @U@ɩ TAB@ BfcS ASAZ jAU s ~MBSF cU AccAO j@R TS A | j @ cI s @U@ɩ cCAU UUS cAS qeUF @vS ~S Mb TS R OAAU@ AS^H @ | jce mf BS sZS A@av T^q oJO ASB Or j@v mޮ Pf @ O ZS ~ R FZFɩ co @ | ~crF jq co ɲީF@ @S SA A@ iU S | BS @ةcFH jce ecSrfU@ s rXo @ ~S | ɮɩU j BS sZS @ BS ~A@ jq-~n^ TSK sF˻ ~AB j@ ~SS sw A O ZS cFAw n aA Ri BS jq ~cw@ TkUF A @޻HF @ S ~S | ~S jce BS @ػ ToF A UAZ@ j@q cI OaS s j@BS TSK ~B T^ w Ri | TS AAv cOq @a TSKAvR aJ S - j@ sTS F, TS jR F s BfcS c c, cJ@ cJ@ ިSAcy R ިSScf@H BSF m䨩 @ | cq @ػ AvJ@ @, cJO @ |

~S-BS ^S ATAU jce Aew@ @^ @ @ة@f dH B^ BfcS R TSBw j@Av S@r@ بAv U O @S | @زިvAcrK Aew gU O@A @, @cɩɻ Zɦ, AT@ @pA - U, c^ΨOnAv AcrU | A@ا AcrK @S c^cf ~a jTS ~JO R s S | Aew knq ~ c^Ψ AO @ | an Ac ~F^ BU R jq dHAv j@خT w ArQ @ػ ~m A U | M v@ @ ASB@ A ASU j@A@ sTS T@ s @A o»wA, TS ɩaɦ s TST ASfUg cSR | @H hOArAQة T AO T @A˩ ~U @S aU@ ɫ A AB S | cm䨩Q, UAZ@ ZS, jq dH B^ f AScɻOS ~cw Oq Ac@q oSF A ~gFm ia | sMcS ASAU T @ Oq @A TS:esw @q ~Ao@ة ~wf | Aew jce AOɦ BfcS jq sA^@ة ~ j@WAT @ TA q sS aAv ~c@r Uc Uc Jv | Zf Z, J dAv ZR, AvU O | jq xvS ~AgsSAU ~cw sS ZJB j@ ASwTS TZ | SwA@ة Ok^ sɻ jq @pA @a A sR A@ Q j@ cp kH Ri ~gɮ ?

SF Aew AA ATAU ~cmS @U@ɩ | @ASf ~gɮ @ TS w ަrS rK @ ASBm j@Av @TBwl ZJB Sc R mA sɻ a | ATAU cF @TQn sq @ S @S, ~^BɻA@ BSfA, SfA jce TB AS wgfm gcSAO^ R ަrS @ | cTS g̩cK TB AcAg^ m TF F ew @ jce AcrKH @ | Bv @ ~^r AU T ~cm, R-wUf c^ @ZS rAT@-cok g BSF Acn - jcq gcS jce ~oFS AAo ~^w | Av r, Av Ag^ TB TSKAU BfcSOH j@Av USTkU@ S@rR بv Ri AcrKH ToF A | sTS, ATAU Z okU, kKH, oH mmFAcAo @ػ ~ک @UR jr ArAQة ToFAc cFA qha jce mɩ^F@ TkUF A BS | ~c jR Z s j@ذU TSK sZS ceU gK OAU cFcAcAo @ AScAr@ة@ c W Ta U l , @FU@v cU @U@ɩ Q RU @, ZS OR Z S v cB @fgc oAK, ~n^ ha ceU gK |

~oAS@ T j@BS dHf R ATAU j@OQب AH T @A UQF ~^ T av S | ce Ar»@ Z, BS aS A @ | ATr Ao@ AS wAc, j ToF sS ASB@ ~Acy @ | "ިS AS ٮc w\ S j gU Uw ~T | w\U ToF ~T ASB A@a v@ v@ sS JA@ T | ZJB c O @A | ~T ~ATL @S @S ger A@ @ASfAU ~SO @SO UA@ Sq ?" (p. 108) ~crF oq Ar@ئ ZJB l S ATAU, cTS@R TkUF | jq @U@ɩq BfcS ja j@Av SS TSK - ̽@cf A@r-j T STR SS | sAR SS-j BfcS ިSR A@a ~a | AccAcAha^ sc@ | q kcAcc mpA - s j@q :Z jce AS - @ kH @Av i AS | ATAU ToF j@ oH ~r ZJB, ~rɮ ZJB | SS A@a A@a T^cF jce ~OH @ TS ToF j@ oS @T ~a | c j @H TxvU vcF@R | A@ا jAvq SS j@Tn AO S | @S @S TSK ~a, iU s TZ OAnvq cU s | SS QnR jTSAv Wva SF rKer ATAU kgAK@ ~U | cI s TSKAv ecSrfU, @M@A jce @S @S Qn Ar T B jce haU i | SS@ Z jq @Hq AST Z AcAU jAUv OAnAv @ TS ATAU | ha^ j@ B, Uq jce j@q m@ o ~@CQ j@ AUS Z ToF | ATAU @MkUf r SS PcGcްcUf cFZF mgcq mA@ ~@KH A@av fc R WSL |

jq SF @^f AOn@\Av cFZF S UAZ@ ~S TZ -"T Ur sTS BU بJ ~S c, gF SfOR TAS بJ بJ cA cc̩ Ug | gF BU, SfOq ~-gF wAU AS:H | ....." (p. 260) cr @@ca ~w Pf ~Hɻ S aAc sw^ @^f gcSAv j ɰprF TU | ~crF AST AOU@ ޮwf sXo- OS@ cFc @AaUS, AZAaUS T gɮTS PUm ~S Uw sR | ~ jq SF ~S OS@ fAީ @ @بTxvA aAc Z j@Av prF, ~UA^@ wgf ASTAB j@ ~AwA @ , wAU Ug AS:H | gQnq BU jce ~S j@ Uq ZS a | BU A U AScɻ@ gkAT@, gk ~S @a, sTS cc̩ @a gk gF |

gF g @ cc̩ lH jq aAc @ة@f jJ@aS Tw SFɮ B j@@ TSK BfcS jce Tw TScgF ASAZ, AS @ػ, AS Acrɮ, AS TSc T@Ai | c ~S OZ ST ~ɮ T SF WSfgk vSrSR j@خT @T ~ | ~S BS gUcɮ ~m S, BS ~S BSF O Pf @ AS ~ - @ ArA @A@T S UBɦ c @ c @ ~c c, Aew m @ j@Av TTkK NF@cɦ-j BSF @ɩ co @, ATAU SS@ BS @ZS @ ~a gC OT @ c S @H Acrɮ @ Av TSK @ػ "j@@T pA wAAcF" | (p 190)

jqc Qب Qب ~OH, TSK POSF op jq Acrɮ R ~rq cc̩ ^@ Ugɩ@ A @ c cU UAZ@ Acrɮ @S |

@ة@f J SF w\ Pf @S, OAn @\S @S, A@ا ASa@q @\@ASf S | J ASB BfcS R ~Agک Bwl JO w Ri AAv OS | J ASB c p OAnR cݮ ca | q cU@ ިn@ AS AaU SvS e ~ BU بJ ~S-j ިn@SF sMcS MJaa | ~crF @cU OAn cݮ cɦ S, Ac @ CR oa SF rf | @ة@f @SASq ASa@ w\ cU ~wf SS, nTr J @ASf ~R BAvU R AcrKHTZf ia | qeBf AF AS ަrS @, qeB mf , AcvS e @R sZS AAS ceU UZS ZS J ToF q empA ~^w ɩ Aɩ ~F^ fcgc AnrfU @ | OS sA oS@ AaU T vSvS S @ c BfcS@ jTS jJ RJ @ ZS s S | J qeBf @cFw^ -'In That Sense You Touched It'-j gkAT@ @ة@f UZS, "In my poems I am trying to understand the contexts of happenings and the connections between apparently discrete events which are hidden from view. What does it mean to say that 'I was there' or 'I lived then' ? What are the links between myself as I am now and events which happened in the past, but of which I was either unaware or only dimly aware ? How is the past 'included' in me ? What are the obscure ways in which it has shaped me, both through my knowledge of various details and equally through my ignorance of other details?"

~T Acrɮ jq ~LABɮ @cU @Ac S, J SF QnR AnrfU, BfcS s AvUAU J@ w Ua cU AAS TS @S, J SFɮR AAS w US q AvU sF | ^c^, ZɰFgFɮ @ W̮BS A@ec cwS @, oH cFcAcAo @ BAw OAn - jcq AAS بAv US kQAkQ AvU @B | @ة@f jq TSf AvU TS ~S cXoc c SF @ | c @ة@f SF jAU ~SF j@ gkAT@ S | j sF cCAU i@ ~S Ag^ r, Ag^ empA TSK BfcS @ ~^ cr @ | AF BSU A Wv j@ Acr°rS |

(cɮ-38, Ac, 2006)



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