cɮ c@mvɮ (kH)

@Ac

w\/TFOS/Sv@

SFɮ

c^/BfcSf/mpA/AF gK/~AgoS/qAɮ..

Arr/A@r

Books_in_English



Parabaas Moviestore




 
j@ r@ OZ SvFTU

TS c^FoF





(1)


"A play should give you something to think about. When I see a play and understand it the first time, then I know it can't be much good..."

(T. S. Eliot [1888-1965])



vɬAv cF, c-jA @FAUAS c SvFTU Z ! gcq s S | j@T j@v sw jU j@ذT AT @ Sq, TSK gA ~AvAT ! cFm TSK s 5-Wxv o o Sv@ Zc jce rK s^ c @c v ~AT gAcAS |

jq oS wT ~BS @ BSF empA ~S@ oSFcɰ RS qU Tm SvFTf @a | jq Zc sZS jq r c ^ MJac, ZS ASEO ~ ~S@ Sv@ U j ~er AS OqcS | c i@ Sv@ jq ~^USv !

~T, r@ Z q Ag^ m AcAg^ Sv@ ~ SvF@Tf S r@ | empA@ ~c BSq oSFcɰ Sv@ jce SvF@Tf ToF jq swkn @ R BSF |

~SS d U gA gKH A, : f OoF (Berkeley, Department of Drama) dH j@v BTBTAv cp AUS Sv@ R | AS cUUS OTl@, r@ SA A wUS TS U | ~S@ r@ @ ZAaUT RS @a j Sv@ AcK A@a ~UOS @ ~ɮaS | cO gU UwU RS T cUfU gA | TS AhaU AS s @U cUUS U @SR j@ T ~AgS @ ZU cFv ~ BT | ~r @c c AS j@Tq A@a j@v @cS |

gA s v T^cF BTAv @ػ knɩ @ U U :
AS cUUS Sv@ @ wU Sv@ AS ަrS @ c | ~ABr c^oF T^cFv ɮA@: wS @ wU wS ArZ , SO @ wU SO ArZ , Sv@ S ArZ Sv@ @ OS @S ? Zc sAkS @ | ~crFq sAʩ Sv@ an jce ArQ@ BSF |

A@ا j ~SF j@v A@R ~a | TS ~S^ Sv@ @ sc S ? ~F@AT@ mvɲ aɦ Sv@ ~erwH @ cAU ? Sv@ @ @ rZ sc S ? mmk ~AgS cUR j@v cF ~a j@ T ZT "Street Drama"- TS BSA ABAS sZS oH r@ ToF @ ~AgS o ~S , j@ذT ~SF o Sv@, U ?

~ cUUS jq r ~T Sv@ contextR AO jq r cp empA swsw Zq | U ~T s r c ~w ZT "UASS @?" ~ jZS AZ ~F@AT "AT A~S", U A@ c ? global contextcU A@ A@a @c S ? gU S c @T cBv@q vwv @U ?

c gA sAR @SR US S jq cF, AcrK @ jq Sv@ U@ ~ cAr TSK @a MJa R BSF | oTn Sv@ BS @ػv OU Z @ |

Sv@ m˻ i@ R r@ TT dLkH jZS, ~S A@ cUS ?

~ j@v @, j@ذT TS c Sv@ ZcS S | ~AT oH @T AZS, A@ا jc cɮ-j MU ZAaUT | TS Av cU mvB ިv Z sS mvB r ~ɮA@ A@a Z s, ~ TS A r@ ~Aݩ BSF cFm ~S@ WS | j @ gU g A@ c ToF c Sv@ Z v@ @Txv j ToF |

A@a ZO T^cF :
-WK@/WAK@ gU @B @aS | ^ @im ~ cU gf BSq, ~ OTl@ BxvrS |

-AaU cq/AAgA- mvU, Sv@ cq/AA @U BT, OZ AS ~T, AaU A@ ?

-OS-cv- @ S cUU jq AAg ~T @ sc | ABASv ɦɩA بA sAhaU ! j MU 45 ATASv c@ @ c@-q TS AS !

-jq AAg UZ a j@ r@ OZ @ | @Bq, jq Sv@ jq r@@ sTS gc gAca, Ai@ q gcq AAgv UZ a | s gcSU ~SF@T, q AAg A@a ~TF Z s |

-~A @B, W-e TU, jq cFm BfcS J@ T c @ Sv@ j mA SR @SR B @B S | jqc SvF@Tf ^ Sv@ @ ~T o ~S^q Aha S, ~T AZ AhaS cJO @ j@v ~SF TSR ~a !


(2) : lc





lc (FnTxv, @FAUAS)-j @ Sv@ "cAU@ gxv" | Sv@ AcKcm : w AcccAK@f @TS @vU ? A Sv@, cIq aS Acc cAK@f sZS w ZS j BA @c S | S ST "c@بvT S" sZS ި Sv@v ~AgSf | Sv@ @F@v w, RS ~FAmvxv, cFcf ~ ASU (cF@wɴ w Lf @J Wxv)|

wcc cr B jce gU ~AgS @aS, cA@ OAnU j@v cU, c OAU AaS Sv@v | TB AS cɦcA @SAS A@a, Zc oH T |

S WA ZS ɩ rv | j@ cFcf jaS @TS UZ ASU AcdXo s 5000 v@ AaSq @a cFcf @a @ | wcc sZS ި cFv cIUS ZS T ASU AmA | ASU RS JOU AUAv@U @S@rS sF @خv ~SFA@ AS wUS | w cr g US |

j cq Zc B o s, w\ cr cU | c r@ a A@av |

c wcc- Tl Y, sAR O@A cB Z AS ASU AcdXo @S @خ @US S | A@ا ASU R WK A@a v@ cFcf@ A AUS jce RJ@ U sF @US |

Wxv ~RBv j@v cAr B AhaU, ~RBv @T @cS | ~RB AS ~Agsw ia aS A r@ @, J AcrK A@a S SAS | aɦ ATAB@ jce ~AR cr fɰ@ |

eU ToF wF AaU, TI TI eU gUR sAhaUS | wcc Sv@v vS AS wUR, cA@ Av @F@v@ ~@v Zv c | ~@v m TS AhaU TgTxvU, eUUR | @ Ai@ TS AS, cFcf@ cFcf S ; ~ Ai@ A Sv@ TSR UwAS | ~crF AmvARvq c cFcf S @ ~SF@T A@a @v Z S, A@ا A@a j@v AcrKL @ c , sv ~AT ZJB qAS | ~@v WK TB ~ Av @ |

w ~ ~FAmvxv j BB cr gU AaU | ~ ~SF A@a @T \UZswF S, ~r @c c jJ rArUf @S w\ AScɻAO @cS | ~@v O @U ~ T AU ZcS jq AvT-q dH A@a j@v @ OT@ A cq@ |


(3) : rASv@





jc Sv@ j@v ~SF@T, cA@ Sv@AU @ ~Uɰ : rA Sv@, AcrS Acc gRU jce dAT gRU (U jU, @FAUAS) | TAv ST cU@, Av cwSAgAU |

vq Zc OTl@ Sv@ | UZv dH BTAv | cO c @ Sv@ vq ASB UZ | rA Sv@ v j@ذT ~SF mɰ jS AU |

cU@ Sv@ Acc cc ceU TrS AA^ hOH Zc ~AABSU, ~ dAT gRU rA-~AgS c OTl@, wS wUR ATA | Ay hOH AA^ jce ceU | cOSgA, @im Ri-ST, prF AcS @im AcS jcq r@@ o Za | TS a r@ c AaUS RJ jq BTAv rA-~AgS |

cU@ Sv@ Ac j@ Sf jaS j@ ިdK @a ~r AS, ɦ Z | cCAU cfިdK j@ T@ Z ~r A g ha, jce AA^-ceU TrS eU r@ j@ذT TA AaS | jq rA Sv@v ~T TS @c ~S@AS | j@ذT AT @ TS Sv@ S |

TAv S AST @ vS ~SU, sZS j@v T@ cJO ~@Av Tq jAw ~, @S ިdK S | rA Sv@ A T l S ZUR, ABASv ~SF@T J |

cwSAgAU Sv@ ~TA@S AcAr rF jq T^cFv TS @c : empA jq ~cH g @ TSK@ OS Zc r ! dH @ | ~AT jgc @SAS gc AZAS @v, sAR jq @v ~SO @SO WAa |

~@v UqS TS ~a jZSR : "~AT cAXo A cJAO S, ~SgkA A cJAO", Rq j@q Sv@ eU | @v S ~SgkA AR s cJO s TS s |

jJ @ AaU j@v ި AvT AS j@v ~ɮU Sv@ @, c ~Q @ @c jq@T @S Sv@ Z BSF | sAR rASv@v AF BTAaU |


(4) : cfH ( BINA )





c-jA ~@ SvFwɤf BINA - sBS "~T w\" | cr gU UwAaU b@ qASgAAv SfU C cɮ Z Bv | ~ mvBvR cr ^ gc gw @AaUS s cA ~ qASgAAv@ ~Uɰ @ ZS s | ~U cFc OZ BS | C, ~U, Acg T, ~wSqBrS jq c ~Uɰ ~Uɰ @ ZU sTS dH, ~c ި ABASv j@خR ~@KHf |

jq Sv@ OTl@ ~AgS @aS ^S TT, TfBS | j@ذT mvB A, Ag ~AgS, TS AhaU ~Tq ɦ j@ AAO TT | AS jq Sv@v@ Bfc^ ZAaUS |

TkU w\ U خ aU ~TA@ Ag R O @aS, ~O cc cF˻ | ~OT@ Ag R j@v c^cm wU | خ cUFc^Ψ j Amϩ Zɰ ~TA@ @ | c^Ψ q T | j@ T@ Ac @ ~TA@ sR j@v U | A@ا aU TS AcS Wv, ~ ~TA@ ~ɮ O S, r A vS ~Sgc @ | j@v TB R sha, TSS cA@a Zq Acr sR @S ~˻ S, ASB rv Z A@ ? r a Acr ~ɮ s wUAT Z s BSF cr slq j@v TB | @U ~ mS swf |

TBv Ai@ ~a, A@ا TT c ~AgS @T BTU S | ^S ~ J c^Ψ A@av UaS, cA@ TvTAv | ~@v wA @ AaU, j@v AbT U TS U |

ASB UZ TMAU@ Sv@ Ac s re cf Z | ceUr ~Avmv @ Sv@ ToF j@v ~SF mɰ @, sv ~T Q j@Tn jq oS SvFTUq Z c | ~r @c A ca SvFTU jq @T j@v Ag^ m Sv@ ~T Z c |

AcrK gU Uw A@a Tk :
1) Bv b@ qASgAAv SfU cɮ |
2) q Zf @@S cF AT@ rF |
3) TT@ AW TvTAv c WvSq, AcrK @ UA ~Acgc, cF AT@ BSF ~of ~w ~Q |

4) Sv@v rK a oK j@ wS A | @ wS AaU o AAS |

Ai@ jq Sv@ s S, A@ا jq SvFUq j@v ccF, q jZSq cU ZAa |

~SS j@ذT rK jq AvT AASAo j@Av ccF ZUS, sv ~T j ~wR SAa | g̩cK cCAU SA@ ~B@U ceU gK @ش @ cU S (TkU AA^ cUS)| TkU ~Agsw U AEOTceU ceU OU Sq qgc | j ~a Ac@ػ sw, v ɩaɦ @A @S ? ~AT q Qq A@a sA jZS U AAha, i@ R a AAha jq @ػ cA@v | @H ~Agswv sA AF U A@a j@v @ AO, ݩ ~T cq |

j@ Q sA :
"AEOTceU ceU gK ݩ ~SF A@ Tɦ ASha, A@ا v gK AccS j@v Ag^ AcK | g̩cK A ca Bv AUAvU TFwABS c a ceU, q @U@ɩ ~ AEOTc ceU gK OOɻ S jv @f TS SR s ? ~ j@ r OOɻ cU, ~SF r S TH @ @vq c A@ ? ceU AS @ A@@T @B ha v i@/r@ R a AU Ai@ S ?

ceU gK vS @U@ɩ ~ AEOTc A@ TSK ~BR av ~S ? AUT @S A ~ɮ OqaS @U@ɩ ? q ceU vSq S sZS ZU TS ceU OOɻ @ s ?"

~SF Q sA U :
SS B^ gc ceUgK OO @a S, jq ceU OO (AEOTc) @cUTn jq B^q fTcXo | jq B^ q AEOTc ceUgK rK sc | jce AA^ S ArZU cg̩f fQ \U R Zc TrA@U ; SS B^ Q jU gK o TUS c c S |

~S @f TS ? AEOTc ceUgK TpF ~ɮ^ ? S, gK cUcq sw ATAU ? SA@, jv @T dLkH AcK S ?


(5) : jSɰ ( ENAD )





Sv@ ST "rASc" |

c-jA ENAD SvFwɤf @ ~oH Sv@ | d q TS U j@v Ag^ m ~SF A@a | OZ oJoS T, AAT ~U, TS gA AU |

Tq ~ɮc T B @ | eWA@ ^, 45 ATASv Sv@, 5-6 c v \va, @ZSR m, @ZSR cmc ! @ɬ@ q AST ("F vU") @ TS s, ~O Zcq ~SF@T | jq Sv@ m ~ cmc AU sAS, m cmc@ ATAU AaS ~oH v !

w\ Tv 10v OAn | AcF^ rASc ~Aخ @ cA A ~ A@a v@ ITU jce ~A ~ɩ AS | ~S@v c jq ~ɩAߩ q@jU TS, @ZS s ~Aخ @ @c Ai@ Sq | ~T ~S@@ Z s TcqU, B, T ~ RqS-j ɮ AS avv @aS q@jR .... ~S@v @T ~ A@ ! jq @H Sv@v ~T cɮf BfcS eWA@@T gc BA |

gUUw OAn : cq TvTAv j@q UgU ~AgS @aS, jTS AS s @ش Zc cAr sw waS | c j@v AcrK gU Uwa :

wA@ ~oH ~AgS m jce cmc, m prF j@v mrU gU | ~A ~ɰɻAU@ dH TASa, OTl@ cOSgA, mvB-TgTxv jce ~AgS | OAn swf BB dH TASAaU |

jaɦ cc, T jce ~Aخ c^Ψ(2) cr gU | gU Uwa T r^ TkA ~ mgAc@ JvOU | oS AmvAR vq T- A@av of wA ZS , ~ T OU O ɰ @ : gU UwU q J SAS cU |

gUUw prF :

1) dq ~kc jq wS :
"rASc, ~B rASc", gU Uw , gU wS | SUT jSɰ-j ASBm R jq wS, ASB UZR |

2) ~Aخ-c m @@S |
3) AcF^-wA@ T prF (m) |
4) @ةcFH T c T ި FATAU@ o ZR cFm , sv ZR T c qha @ Sq | jq WvSv ~S@ A @ @a ި Sv@ |(T A@)

5) T prF cmc @ m prF v O | ~ ASv Sv@ Z r@ ^ AaU, jSɰ q ^ r@@ OT@ A j@T j@v eWA@ @B @U | AS:^ jq SvFTU OT@ ̬T^ |

Sv@ cU :

1) m prF ~w B ްɻ UvS c, BSF j@BS mvB cq ~Q̩, v j@v AvF@rS | jq Tv @TS s j@q ްɻ A@ @T e @ c ~SF @S imaginative | U @ sR BSU ްɻ jq ZJ AaU S | 2) T cq@ o ZRS O @aS T @ rK s^ | jq WvS r@ ɮUR, rK A@ j@v j@WJ |

cɰU @ Amnv ~crF j@Tq AaU, c j@v ~ov jAv @U QA A@a S |

3) T ~A fSv s m v r@ o j@v TAmU , sAR fSq v o | ~c TSswf r@ ݩ T fSq o UaS |

(r@ @Txv : "j@T ~Aخ AZAS, wA q @B !)

4) m prF ~UTA WSv j@v ~AcoBS@ | Ac ~UTAv j@v ~v@ sAhaU, j@v a^ީS Wv sAhaU | cA@ cA@a j TpH cUq jv cAr @ OZ |

5) jv Ai@ cU S, jv ~Tq j@v r : ިdK m C BST ɰ-@U (sAR AA^ AST m prFU TH @ S) | Sv@ m@ Ai@ m ~S@H @ wU jv ~ A@ gc ZS c AaU ?


~ɮS, ~T jq SvF-~^US@ ~@v jAw AS sq :

jq Acr jq oS ̬T^ yF | @Bq jZS@ AcAg^ ewiS (jS-j-Ac-A, cTU, Ag^ Ag^ empA@ ewiS ~ wɻlc...) jJ AO jqc mSf Ag@ l R, jJ ~ ~S@ Sv@ @ sw @ R |

@U@ɩ w Av US @U Z sc jJ sv AT @aS v U j@q Sv@ ~S@c @ @ | jq swv @ R AL A@ا jqc ewiSU |


jAUv s-@ A d @AaUT vSq rK @Aa | r@ A A sZS j@Av Sv@ Z Oqc ZSq Av ˻@ ic | jqc empA@ wɤf q sw S @ AU SvF@Tf ~ SvFTf ToF q swkn PA c @f @ ?


(@pک mf@ : sJ ~T ceU swsw @aS jq SvFTU ~ jq UZ ~w, J cq@ |)

(cɮ, ~vc, 2005)



aAc : SvFTU @ةpQ MBSF



jq UZ ~S @TS UwU ?




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