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FAS @ػ BSU

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[qeU T FAS @ػ 1822 @ 1846 s^ g̩cK AaUS | J mTf sAR qmv qA @زAS oH @TOf, rfTf @ػ ASBH R ~@KHf rA TB cm TUTr sw AaUS | j@A@ sTS U ~@UF R qS gfX g̩gTH @aS, ~SFA@ WAS aS UZSM Scc c wAU THf ; cr @aS g̩f ~^:ި R T s MgwF Zc @S AcArSfq a | sL @ ArZaS cB, ArZaS gK | nT AAS iaS g̩f empA A wgf rXorfU R g AcAvr rɮS @i TUO@ | J cq ~cUTcS @ ~ ~^ Av cq AO a : qAUT FUA̲U (William Dalrymple) cmvU F qv TWU (The White Mughals) R S T-j (Susan Moore) SFɮ RS Umv U@ (One Last Look) |

Begum, Thugs, and the White Mughals-j (55 Aha) kH ~Scɰ @ArcF | jZS TSF ~er ~Scɰ R U |]

cwT, iwf R r©TwU
FAS @ػ BSU (~er)

|| 1 ||


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1825-j AgB ~c @FU@v- e@AU
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1822 U

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U@ cU OAAcF AOS ~AXf, c q co g̩f mS | ~T wv j@BS S ZAa, BS OMA@ذ ~ cA @زɴ W ~a JO U A |



|| 2 ||

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1823 U

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U ~Tmv j MJaaS | J S s Av U AwAaUT |

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|| 3 ||

RUAU @ Z UMA qSAmvvFv (m: 1824)
(@U@ɩ j@U R @U)

1824 U


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cq OU AOAc @Uɩ UU, BU TrS o T TZ @ cA jU, o ASBS TZ @ OU cdU @S ɴ T | j ToF j@BS ި OUv TZ S A ~\ j@v AAaU AOc ~r A@ا Ug AS | TA^ cUUS, jq O, R ToF j@BS mf@ @c | AS AAS ިAUr mvrS wUS | AFq, Zc g U TZ @ UU c S, q Ai@T AOcS s S |

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~T c^Ψ ~S@q cwS BSF cfB AiaS | A@ا ! jr @pA A @f ~cU ZS -- c f cfB -- wU TZ Oq cAI Tv@-v@ @ئqJAv jJ @a cAr ^ ?

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vc 1 -- ~crK B @ @Ta @U@ɩ | B @H AS SS TAS SS T | @ش cUaS cpA ~gc, @ش cUaS j ca cBAcFl SA@ @T a | RS Amve T SA@ j@c j@T B jAaU | cR @ش T sAS |

OMf--vTɮ R qAUT FASU-j ~J@ aAc (1798)
(@U@ɩ j@U R @U)

(cɮ, Ac, 2004)


[1] AwAS -- @\AS@ Hf s T R Z DwU T R Ae T |

[2] A -Wxv ~^ -ިU cU |

[3] Alfredo Catalani, 1854-1893 [Italian opera]

[4] cASްm PAS@

[5] jwA Bɩf av wA

[6] @v -- 2 qxv c 10 av@

[7] cwf g @U@ɩ @ػU ZU @v AaU ; ZO U BSF s UvA cFcm @ AaU @ cU ha |


~Ue@H aAcAU SR a @U@ɩ j@U R @U (fS ATn, ~S^ cAUrɮ, 1999) jce cSA @U@ɩ WcA (UZ : cAr c^FoF, aAc : ~U@ ATn; ~S^ cAUrɮ, 2002) @ |





jq UZ ~S @TS UwU ?




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