cf^S : OAU rN : gcS R @Ac

AT Oncf


cU@ An@ MK, 1292 eZF i@ rF AaU j@Av ިm WKH | ~T ~w WKHAv AZ - "i@ A : cU@ s-@S w@ Bw, SF@AT R ~ rN cɻl@p eQ e
(definition) AUAZ MK T 20r AZ ToF ~TAw AS@v iqcS J@ j@Av gU w^ ިm R qc | j@@Av e JO ~Ao@ S |"

ASAv ~F^ OAU, @ rN e ASoɻH jq A@\SAv cf^S A@S AS:er cU sc A@S BAS S | rN ASAv AScɻOS cf^S @AaUS A@S -R BSc Sq, A@ا TS , cS s cU | @H cU@-j ɰ@ sAR AaUS F^S i@ب Lf SSA^Sf cf c cf^S s An@Av AOUS-cF cAA@ s sF @S TH ~a ~S@ | AAv eZF J UZR @ة O, ɰ@f ALR ~S@v US @S AAS | \S, 1292-j cU@-j jq ASAv rN e ASoɻH AXo^ ~ɮc T cf^S AUZUS ԮeAcO ST@ OSAv | j @ ~SAT - Bw, SF@AT, ~ ~ rNAU AScɻOSR Jq |

ceU gK sZS T AUAZ ~@ d @a ASr r@ To - ZS mĩq wA AaU AXTZf | j@A@ emp ~Sf, lT rNcU, ~S@v emp cF@HR ~SwTf gA oS ceU; ~SFA@ cF-As@, @M@ gAoS, OAU R rB rNcU, A@av mFe rN ~oFAK gK | j@Av o TpF AcFU r @ػL TZ OS ASrS q; ~ oAv gcSfOH c^FoF @UT o FfOJ ATn R @Uf^ Ae ~UAU R AT gK AH U ~ A@a@U | cATO^ QHrfU emp AЩ gK wH @US S, ~c ~UAU gKR cBS @US | J s-gK ceU @-AF gK AA wU rsT ~O rATo, lT rN oS ~O mha^ wAcw^, @ZS TWT^ T wf ~O TS, @ZS Sf T @\UUT | q gKq AF iS R AUZS ~gFm s UwUS cCAU i@ R UZ@@kU | cf^S AaUS q cAT-~Swf AAF@ ~wwHF |

A@ا cATO^ i@ BSS @ة B AAS gc R rB rN - q ɩFA@ cwgA mgAc@ة lT rNcU o ceU ATAr A S | ~T @@Av Tn H c @pG@^ qU SFɮAv @ |

q T Tq, WU bAU, @بU cɩɮ A wT cA @A Ac |

R wɤf T @c | j@U aUިU c c ia | aJO | ~ATR j@ OU OAUc |"

s @, AS@ة@ c T wU | UU rXoAo@f, ~A rXo @AU | AS@ة@ TAa gSgSAS, PB IS-ISAS, @U @UU, PSA@ AcO, wT @S-ɩ wU S | ... aUU ATAS fgw Uq gJv ZUq ~̯ @AU : TAwU SA@U PU TW AZ, T UAOgB AW TAZ ~̯ @AU; AU @S c^ qU, c AUZ U, T @S c^ qU, c TɩU, AvA@ AZ STcUf A@AS, Amϩ n Ac Uq Awa |

cATO^ gK OAU rN R cwgA PcArF AcrKH ToF ~T jZS sc S | @cU jv@ب cU BSFq jq lɰS - cf^S ceU AFgK s ~ɰr TS Z AFOS TSAScr @AaUS ZS TpH ogKq oS ~@\ wpf UR OAU rNcUf R cwgA cr ZS ASAKXo AaU S - ce AcKSo cr Tɰp mSq AaU | ~UAU R AT gK BSAݩ @R jZS ~T TS Z c |

cATO^ AUZAaUS SFɮ | sJ @cFOS q c dH cf^S@ To @AaU AAS @Ac AcfUU Oncf | ~coc^Ψ An@ AcfUU @Ac i @ cf^S TS AaU ~oAS@ cʮAF jq co @Ac ASB @ |" (AcfUU, ~oAS@ AF) jq c^ cf^S OAݩ q AcfUU OSZAv U -

cq @ TS,
Acr sS Td TS |
     OAA@ IUɬU,
     : A@ BU^ BU,
~A@ب ީ ީS |
jq ~erAv cf^S gU UwAaU | q q AAS j@R cUAaUS - ԩZS@ ceU wF ogK ~gc AaU S, A@ا gK O v Sq | (kcɻ c^) | U kH ԮogK S cUq cf^S ASA @Acer A ~@p AaUS - jq AXo^R A@a sAʩ cU TS | IUɬU- T j@^ OAU rXgk rN jce Դ: ~ - T oAS-oS ~AgcFA - s cowTF @cU ɩFA@ gcAcAST Qnq ~˻cF@ Ri - ~T AcfUU AO @Acer Z Aha | AcfUU @Ac ocA@ ~SHR ~T Z q s B, rB, OAU, ɩFA@ rN R Anް; oSFL@ ~AgcFA R cwo w cq mha^ AaUS AAS - sAR J @Ac gK-@iTAv AaU @AcF@ jce TkU lT rNcUf q ASgrfU |

gK R AAF@ ~AgcFA Qn rB ɰS A cf^S A@ ~A̮fT ~w R wgf fA AaU ~ j@Av TH R s U@خAF wTFAF R aUgUS a @ػ J gcSAO^ | ceU wTAU sZSq J AO WAS a ZS @q AAS vS ~Sgc @aS wTfH gK AO jq AF@pAAU A | OAU rNcU ceU cɴUwS, rɽ f - AcrK Tɰf wSR cf^S Zcq A AaU | AcAg^ UZ cU TH a | q fA @cU gU Uwq T @AS, ASB T cF @ cf^S jq wTfH AF ASrS e@US @AaUS | J ~w j @B @ jAw jaS cU ~ @ɴ@ B TS @ A S | s-c c^ AAS wTfH AF AcK AUZAaUS AU @ OAU R wTfH gK @ػ J TSgcAv Z s | -

"aAU Ag^ Ag^ r q .w @ qa ; jqBSF q ~S@AU ToF ceU ~S@ gK UAQة qc | j@q a ~S@AU iR R s; ToF @SAvq cBSf S | @H a AcXo i c ~AT i cAU A@a ASH @Ac ~c BS Sq | @U @U TZ TZ jq aAU jq BA۩ ATAr jce AcA q ~Aa s, Ag^ Ag^ i ToF q @S j@Av AcrK i AScɻAO @A UR ew S | ...q ~f @fA SF Tpgc AQة S | q Bfc, q OU ; q r@U-nAcrK AQH ~S@ ~cm swf @A AUa | a q ASݩ AcSrfU @pAAv Zq wU Ag^ Ag^ i Q @ ~crF@ |"

(aUgUS a 2, OS@U 1302) |

jq ~erAv @ ceU wTfH AF gK @ػ cf^S AO^oAv sA ~T A@av kn@ Bq U @@Av ASA ccF c | -

(1) ~ASrFgc wTfH gK S, ~ɡAU@ gK PcArFR QHswF cU TS @aS cf^S |
(2) TMAZ@ gK cq wArfU R AccS-An ToF A OU @ |
(3) jq AccSrfU OU R Bfcq UQH |
(4) TZ gK ~cm-~S ASB@ cU AS QT |

jZS @ j@ mq cI s s, cf^S TS wTfH rB TMAZ@ cOS R cOS @ػ @S ~rXo c @dH gc j@cq AaU S | AAS rB, OU gK rA kH rXorfU AaUS |

"wa Ar@ئv sTS TAv BA۩ jce ~wgw ~@r A@ aq Aa, TAS cnq AF AS-~er mr TAv ToFq ~S@ ATH BA۩ q b@ @; AcrK e@fH rf, mSf | @cU r BSoHq gwF R ~ݫwTF,...| s ~er ~@r A@ ~a بU U-UU TAv SfO@ Ar@ئU US S - c LLAc @a ɰprF R c^ A@aq WAOc S |"

(wTF AF, OS@U 1305)

jq ~er AZ - TMAZ@ gK @a@Aa, rB R OAU, ~-@بUfS, ~-emp gK AF@ @Ac j@Av gK AF-d Ar@ US @aS | ~ɻl rB gK AF@q AAS @S j@Av r AF AgAgkAT cU \UZ @aS | gK Ar@ R mAS@ Av AcrKgc r BSoHq ~ݫofS j@ cUR Ar AF ~AchaF @R mf@ @aS AAS | j@ @ AF rB gK rA R M^s @ػ cf^S AaUS AkH ~cA jce ~mrfU |

cf^S AO s gK-AcK@ w^Av ~T ~BR cc Acm OTA@ة @ Av U ceU rNLL | ASr r@ rK A@ jce Acr r@ j@c T A@ ceU gK rN @ػ @@Av c^ AUZAaUS cf^S | w^Av T emH @Ar AaU 1909 U | AXf emH 1935-j | AXf emH c^ eZF A@a cAaU |

AXf emH gkAT@-m c^Av AUAZ AaU ԮcBn-ɰ@ T OMof ~So | ~T BAS T OMof ceU AF gK OAU fA j@Av oS AA @ OAaUS | cf^S@ AAS AaUS J T˻@ | c cfcU aXSTof T OMof cfcUf gK sJ AAO J BSS q gK An OAU jce Xgc, rB R AcAr rN ~Sɩ cpAXo LLR @ coH ToF OAU TMAZ@ gK A cU OU S | PcoF fA, cAXo OT@ jce ̮-cnA ATrH qv ~ jAwT-ZAO q gK@ oH ~˻ OAU gK cU s S ~M |

A@ا cf^S sZS ASr r@ rK r@ @ ceU gK en^ SSAco r U d @US; gK hOH ASr, rN-ew, cF@AH@ AST ~S^S @ UwUS ZS J UQF A AaU s-gK A q gK AaU j@c ZJAv, OAU, ɩFA@ ceU gK | emp cJo S AS mofSgc ceU gK- ZJAv ceU gK @q AAS gcAaUS | ԮcBn An@ cS ZSR Z AS | ԮcBnf ceU @S @-~ɰrR cf^S gcS AaU S jq c^AU UZ @U |

ceU rNLL w^ c^AU snT ceU hOH, ceU mcH, ASrcO@ ~Sw, ccOS, c^ް, rNPX, oSFL@ rN, ~S@ rN, mfAU rN qFA AS cf^S ~UOS ~a | ceU @pl R AXo F ~UOS ~F^ ASAc OS cf^S ZJAv ceU F ~S^S @aS jce cFcAcAo AZaS | JAOr-AAr ca ~wR ~T mUAU ceU cF@H ~S@ZAS emp cF@H AST-~S ަS | ZJAv ceU rN-ew R cF@H-AcAo AcK cf^S AO^ R ɮ @H ~T @a Acm@gc @U Q ~w cU TS | ~T TSF @@Av H Zc |

ceU rNPX H Zc T AAS AZaS rN-PX X @ZS cL, @ZS @K, @ZS ~@K, @ZS esw, @ZS T - qFA SSAco gc cI | J HAU j@T -

Ti Ti, IA IA, cm cm - cLcO@
vv@ vv@, wT wT, Ai@ Ai@ - @KcO@
~w ~w, U U, v v - eU cO@
, g g, J@ J@ - DKl ~kH gccO@
cJO@-cJOA@, wU-AU, J wJ, -A - av R c ATAU Tw cO@ |
rN-s@ jq HAU ~A mgc TH @ s, OAU jce ~ɩ ~SAgBɩ ceU rN AcK @f-fQH scQH AaU cf^S | A@gc AAv rN c@F-~^w AcSFɮ cI AS O AaUS AAS |

s i@ cf^S@ @cU TpH R rcH-TS @AccUf OAݩ cU jce @dH, To, SA^, ɫ-wgf-wb UANo sAO ްS@f gK cU BSS J BSF OS @ R s@ cf^S e@AU A@a ceU oSFL@ rN - ~qbq, qAUAcAU, @vl, @v-Tv, @@, A@UAcU, @JqTq, @FJv@Jv, ZFJ@ ZFJ@, ZFJOTAO, vv, cwc, , WJl WJl, WFS WFS, OFJ, gFJ, BFc BFc, vFJ vFJ, iFCiC, AwAw, b@b@, AAe AAe, Fɮ, T, oq, S^, ަe ަe, ئ ئ, J J, FJO FJO, cw cw, cFB cFB, gۨ@ gۨ@, T T, P P, ww, AU@AU@, , v-v, | oSFL@ TkU @ Bɩ ~ A@a rN AZaS UZ@ | sTS - BFc, oFc, gޮ, IA, bFޮ, el@, ATvA@, vFcU qFA | j @cU @@Av ASrS | cm䨩-q ceU rNLL cqAv i @ j@Av ~Agک | cf^S c OS Tq jq cqAv - ~T ~^, cc ަ qha @ | ~c ~T ToFR ަ qha @ |

sZS ZJAv ceU @pl R AXo F-ASy^ rN AZaS cf^S, ZS mS a - jTS @@Av rN jZS U R wU | @cU rN S, AU ASy^, ~˻ jce wAcAoR A@a A@a AAS AZaS |

FJlU Te, cW-~JO wa, Sq-~J@ئ U@, As > A > , AvS, bUS, ɦS, cvS, vSq, cUq, cTSq, c, c, wAS, @J@U, cU, ZcU, aFlU, UB, Uɬ̨, vFJ@خq, AacUS, AOTAv, cJv (cTSAv), @UAv |

ZJAv ceU rN jq mɰ TS JA A@ا j@vZAS r ~T TS Bw | AF sZS OS @aS cf^S ZS AFq A@ jq rNg@ ~@pH Bɦ @ cFc @ aS ? o s@ oSFL@ rN jce oSFL@ rNBɩ AcrKH @ | avw\ R SF ZJ ZJ, okok, II, AI@AI@, , AoA@ AoA@, ̰ - jq Bɩf rN cFc O | A@ا AFq A@ vFJC vFJC, AAe AAe, oq oq, OO, cFBcFB A@ec Jl Jl rN w v R sc cf^S @Ac ? wFR jAU cFc @T | TkU A@ا UZ OAU rN w ~Sf AnrfU AaU TS @U Ai@ c S | TkU ASA cf^S @AcTSq | @@ػr, ɽ, AST ~Agک R UANo@ TAw@gcq @Ac oS @ U ~w co @S S cf^S | ~Xg c Xgv-@ @Ac AAS mS AaS - A@ا AcrK oS @Ac | ɮF̮ c As@ gKHR J @Ac mS a m\ | @R @R Acm@ hO mr @a J jq Bɩf pA | B ~Acy c Ae Ave av H | c cf^S @Ac cUUq s oS @Ac @ TS ~T - ToF Av @Ac ~ɮc S | Zaɦ, ASf, -j@ j@Av ~TSF OS e@US R LLR cf^S i@ Tq TS ަc S jq cqAU @ | ceU OAU rNcUf jce oSFL@ rN Aegwq j@^ UMA@@ ~SgkA s TkU A-~SgkA S - gc @r @ | ~O cf^-@Ac oS kH pA, To AcKɰ, ASAc AScS, Amo ATUS, haA T R ^ co, ɫ TAT, wb ~oFAL@ة ^S q | AcK ~Soq J @cFgK ~-A c ~-^ cO@ OAU rN Zc cAr ~AS ; OAU rN A @S ~ccr S | oSFL@ rN TS - ԩU U Av @S @S@AS / gcS ArZf SOR wAS wAS; A@ec @بT ɮF TZ T oS@ R vS / ISS HS - j@T w Zc Bq @aS AAS | cKɻTU - ~ cKrK - @\S @Ac-e@US jq Av @Ac R ~Sgc - @SAv@q rB cU OU S | q oSFL@ rN wR rB OAU, ɩFA@ oHL ~AS @AcAU | jq oS oSFL@ rN O cFc @aS cf^S | AcrK II, AIAI, ISIS, @S@S, @U@U, SS, AIA@ATA@ rNAU cc w @ a | oSFL@ ~˻ @ j Ag^ oS AcrKH ia j@ j@Av oASTkU rN, jTS q Z s ~T cOS | cf^SR TSgc rN w @aS A@a A@a sTS - TS aAc ~ AIA@ATA@ cU U (AST^H, cfA@) | jc w A@ا OAU cwgA AQة AS v |

oSFL@ rNBɩ AcrKH, An R AcrKFް w ^ p^ AZ THATUS (lw) @Ac | TpF ~wTS AUS @Ac sZS cAc Arc Accsn aAc jJ@aS ZS gmcp, cpKcS, ޻gkAK, BvBvof c TkAAvq s wb rB ~a @Ac rN-w A̩ a A@av | - "J Uvv @ cWaU / J cpK A A wB" jce "J ccT ccT cB wU / U wU @UgH" | ceU rNLL-j ~^w oSFL@ rN c^Av cf^S AUZAaUS - "~T cHS s ~er ~Q@p ~AScOSfݩ, qAU@ cF @Ac BSF ceU gK jq-@U ~AgoS ~rOF ~cF oAS @B @ |" THATUS @AcAv Qn jq A ~S@vq F J |

cf^S @Ac rB R F-OU rNcUf mSASH Tq J q B @Ac ToF ˻@FAv cI AS c | A@a @Ac J ̮ R Aɮ TS a ~a | @R @M@ TZF, @R Ac-As@ة ATra | ~ j@ B @Ac Xgv @\S, ~Xg ~A BTS TB prFcUf, OAn R eU ~T To @ | jq q B @Ac O OAU rN w ~a | A@ا jq c @Ac wS j@Av oS rq U OAU rN cFc | ~ɩ UW-TF j@Av ~c BS jq c @Ac, q ̮ OU OAU rN ̮vq TS gU | cf^S jq Bɩf @Ac @ AcrKF R AcrKH rN A@a H Z s@ | p^AU s-qha e@AU | - JA, A, @^@Av, TAS, A, IJv, AgAm, J@, A@Am, Tɰ, (B ~Acy), @بS, O, ~JO, J, ۮA, Ivv, AvA@, v@, bU, aJvaJv, v@v@, @A, Jv, U@ب, Ac@v, OU, o, @a, @JO, UvUv, cc, UB (Ae Ave av)|

jq Bɩf rN ~TSF @AcLT w ~T AZ, ASf, Zaɦ, a aAc- @AcAU | Zaɦ @ w-@بrU @@Av p^ Z A | -

1) gk Z AU
     c @UcFC -
j@ vAcU Z,
     @Jo j@ iFC |

2) v@ AA@ ~oAU
     AaU ɩ Bɦ;
A@SAaU
     ^ ɩ Iɦ |
     بJ@ A @ئ@A
     rK wwA
U A U c
~U g ɩ-Bɦ |

ArAQة cCAU TMAZ@ gK qeAB rN ~Scr j@ fW@UfS An | cf^S OS ASrSR ~a | -

3) AS OU S s, ASUT Oa
     ZAv-Avq |
cFc oAa w\ @
     SAq |
AnAv@ TU @Aa i,
     TAw jce TAw-~
Z @ rK, ~AT ɦ Av
     OAv q-
gBS RBS UZ @
        
certify
OAU rN@ j@Av aX o A @M@BS@ @ U ɮF UZ@ j@Av ~gFm XoA | "qmU jS q AaU cA̤, O@A Acgw ~Ar SAۤ - | wU @A @B gS@ Aۤ |" jZS jS ~ SAۤ rN Av TB aɦR wU ~ ԰Aۤ- A^A AcSF o-OAU ATrH ~A ̮v@ب OTl@ cFc @aS @Ac |

A@ا jq oS @Ac@ ~T OAU rN @p wQn cU oAa S | AcK R pA@H-~S j Bɩf @Ac OAU rNq ~ɮc | TAw@gc @cFgK OAU rN w-A̮ Acm TAH S | sZS wgf R wf lH @Ac, ZSR OAU rN w @ةv Z Aw AZ s-c @Ac cmc e ~ZFS-emr ~a c @Ac Zc Bq OU ja cmc e R PSA^S BfcS-sS mgAc@ OAU rNcUf | s SA Ac @Ac sZS O@بA-kn cɮf mTf@ @TmU A sc ~w ABASn Aa AhaS mf - ZS cHS -

STw dOU A R S,
R JA b@ ~a q-OAZS
vAU ; A@a IS SA@U,
q g gU q AK U,
~TLL ~TO, q o ;
jq-c ArAr @Mv RKo AcKo |
AT^ AU A@a JA Ag,
T ZR, gAUS, Z TS @ |
o An w jce A@a lT rN A^cr LLR jZSR AcK R ATU ~S s OAU rN ja @AcAv TkUgc - AcrOO cF Hc^S ɫ@ Qبu @ AS | ~c AcrcF j@ A@ R rAS@ UANo @r s jq TplpfU e A̮q Wva - q OAU rNAUR OTl@ TAS wa @AcAv | jTSq H ~ R sc @ R @ASf- @ASf ~er - c wɮ, ԰q AcW BAT, AcBS, wSg, @AcAU | Uɩ@, ިSEO R Arr- j@Ao@ @Ac | @AH@ e@US Qب cF-̮ @AcAU ToFR @cFAcK R @AcpA AcިU cmc j@^ vS OAU rN- ~cUcSq TkU AO a @Ac-rf | -

1) @AS-ArZ cU TAv f
- gq cU @ sA c wU Av
S@U wwS AiUS OJ ;
@AS cAU i, j T ɰ ||

2) ɩr U S @S j@r ɩr-
AUAv gA̩, UAw cɩɮ |
ɩr @AU - v@ TU |
A@ا A@ @A cި c cU ||

jq @AcX @AS, OJ, ɰ, AU, ɦ, TU, cި - gpA rN cBS c ^ @ gcq s S | wUAv R, cɩɮ Uw qFA cwoR cf^-UZSf @cU jZSq S, cnq ja TpHgc |

A@ا jqc @Ac @R ~T a Aq sA, sA @cUq wgf UANo-cXo @Ac @ gAc - POAU- A@a @Ac, PScF, @\S, cU@ jce rK@ c ~ A@ e@USAU @ - U TS c, oS @Ac OAU rN @S Bwq cf^S ZSAS | TWk, TS^f, jc AR T, Դcrf, ԰:T, r, r-BS gpA @Ac sS OAU rN Ac c ZUq Z AS | lT rN oAS, R UcHF@ A@ ~A̮fT To-TAT A^cAr @ S cf^S s-@S p^ s-@S @Ac @ U ASUq s | -

sZS SU @Ac, cA
@بT̮c wS, OAA@ AW
JU TwH | ArZ
SATU T^r^ ^FTWm -

(@بT̮c wS, POAU)

jq gK j cUfU R T Ar\f TS OAU rN BSF ~ZAS ~w AaU - jq FAvq ~T @a Acm@ TS |

c, j@c T c TAxv@ @AccUf ToFR ja OAU rN j@Av QfH o | AcrK An Qn TI TI AScɻOS TS ~AScsq AaU | ASAv H -

@S c @ ASU UB-~cH |
Y X S cA ~ASU vS
rK A@ TI @Ac cBS ||

(cF T, TSf)

b@ b@ TZ vAS cS ~AT @Ac ̰ɮ, A UR BUT v OZ (Ԯ̰ ˻S, TSf) | j@Tq jS, ZU, Iɦ, cɮ, oJo (ATR aAva OU UQf ~U oJAo), O@S (c A c O@), ب@A, av, @v, BS, بS qFA AnްAU U@-BfcS @ Aw ATr wa cf^S TAxv@ @Ac | jq ceU AnްAU cɰ A ceU @Ac UZ TokS QR c AS, cf^S QR S |

ɩFA@ة BfcSfrA AAS cJO @ B R @AiS ATAr M^s ~ BfcS-rS wb UANo ATAr QAH@- @AcAU AUZAaUS cf^S | q QAH@- a^R ja ceU U@ݩ a a^ ~o - s@ cf^S cUS @p a^ jce mgAc@ a^ | T wS hOH AAS q U@B a^ oAS ASAaUS | QAH@- @AcAU B ^, ~Sɦ۲c mgAc@ة, cmc B cAXo Acr R TSA@ة بva cU OAU rN R Anް OTl@ TAS wa @AcAU | -

@ش c T gUc
    @ش c cɮ S s,
@ش AcA@ ~a, @ش c
    AA@ ݮ o S s-
@ة@v c K ,
    @ة@v c T gq-
@ة@v j gc wA@
    c S cq |
T T AS cq,
    ATR RAS c T,
AT T @ iU
    @ش c T T O
g @ sA,
    qv c O r-
S AcS c@F
    v @A c sR
v A@a ~kc S,
    WvS TSF Zcq-
r s @ S @ش
    q ZS BBAc |
jq @Acer ASAr rNAU jce v @ c sR Bɩf cwoAv ZU cI s s-@S oS @Acq OAU rN ~ɮ cf^S ^먽 Zq gUcɮS | sZS AAS @Ac gK AS ~oAS@ @Ac ~UOS @aS ZS ZAa ceU gK ~-OU AcAr rN @Ac cFc @c cF J A@av AXo AaU | SBdU qUT ZS A@ec AcG - AV c qS AS ~A @AaUS s | dg ~AgoAS@ rN ASR J ~A AaU | rNcUf co @Ac J TS TST AaU S | A@ا ZJAv ceU rN, ceU gK ATr sR AcAr (TkU ~Ac, A) rN R An AS J ~A AaU S @R ce T˻Sq AaU |

c cU s cf^S @Ac OAU rN w R A^cr Qn AaU A@av QHrfUR | fQH, oU, , @بlA gccf OAU rNcUf sZS @Ac ~^mU i@@ MJa c SM@ T @B @ ZS A@av @بxi AaU cf^S | BfcSS^ T @Ac OAU rN w Qn j@ ~-TkU RUv-Uv WAv R c AaU S J Q |

".... BAUAU aɦ
OlU v @ vU BU @U ~B
jTS @f BJcB ?
AgZA@ j@Av ݮ A gɮ gɰ cM @U SB |

cU TawU T dZ A S
j@c OZ U TAv A@
~Sgc @ ASU jqZS O ~TB
STa j@ rJ@OA^@ |"

(UW Tk, ɩAv AAT)

jq UANo @Ac AUZ ~gFm AaUS S cf^S | OAU gK w jq qTSrS @Hq J @Ac ~AS | TB-U TSA@ة j@Av A cST UANo @Ac BJcB, TawU ~ rJ@OA^ rN w c J @\Sɩf AaU |


cɮ, Ac, 2009

jq UZAv ~S TT BSS



©2009 Parabaas