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oSAAXo H@ ; ATA S, B cAUAre, @U@ɩ, T @r : BSA, 2008, TW 1414; ISBN: 978-81-295-0733-4










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AScAr@ rɮS gcAXo AO ~Jv m˻^Sf jqc ɮ@ J @ oU ATAr A Oa | A@ا kcɻ W Tq AScw AOBfcf T^ gcS mA@ sAw ~ c^Ψ cAcKH TS TAv a A Oqa, UQF @aS ATA | ~cU TTS TS AaU jq Tk Ac U eZFd R eZFUW ToF TAB@ TUTr, lc cH TAB@ swsw UQF PA @ j@ ~ BfcS ɮA@ة ~BS | cw, cH, Bɩ@ r iU jq ɮA@ة ~BS H@q ASaS ATA S |

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'In civilizational conflicts, unlike ideological ones, kin stand by their kin. ... Identity at any level - personal, tribal, racial, civilizational can only be defined in relation to an 'other', a different person, tribe, race or civilization. Historically relations between states or other entities of the same civilization have different civilizations. Separate codes governed behaviour toward those who are 'like us' and the 'barbarians' who are not. The rules of the nations of Christiandom for dealing with each other were different from those for dealing with Turks and other heathens. Muslims acted differently toward those of Dar al - Islam and those of Dar al -harb. The civilizational 'us' and the extra civilizational 'them' is a constant in human history.'

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'most likely involving Muslims on one side and non-Muslims on the other.' jqc g BwS, AcwTf AЩF@ cF˻ TH @ TSK cc TH @a @S LL c sA Zq @ ިިA ~Jv sS | @U @Ac Of c ިS @AU TS sha | TSc Xo empA@ TUc^ cmc aAc cUq oSAAXo H@ ަ gU Uw | TS ~r Bw | Acrɮ pb , TSK-q F |

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O^XfA gK@ ɰvf@ aɦ sgc ATA S w^ w^ cFc @ OUaS i@, AcrK bc i@ ArQH kH ja | jq gK i@@ fAT @ UcS TS UZ@ jq reSf e@\ a | jq cF AAS j@Av WS PA @ UaS cU s |



w^A :

—oSAAXo H@ : ATA S
—r-co TSAOn : ATA S
—cAT OScUf Tw AF : AF e
—cCUf R cCU AF (AXf Z) : ~T rf
—Tf @ : S^ A@ذ
The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order : Samuel P. Huntington
—jZS sɻcH AcK : rgw (jAU 2009) : ɰ@ ~ASU ɮ, ~TA^ ɰ@ wMT

(cɮ-44, Ac, 2009)

(ʩ: ATA S mpAOH R S R cp^ cɮ-j ocA@gc @Ar ha -- ɰ@)



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