cɮ c@mvɮ (kH)

@Ac

w\/TFOS/Sv@

SFɮ

c^/BfcSf/mpA/AF gK/~AgoS/qAɮ..

Arr/A@r

Books_in_English



Parabaas Moviestore




 
ceU ~ɡAU@ @Ac : ceU U@خoH @Ac

cc Ae



cMXo AB^f sAS U@خTB @a w cHf R oSHUf@ MJa R BSF U@خoH gK ASTɻH @AaUS OsɻwfA ASq AO AaU jq ceU T U@@Ac | Osɻ @Ac ToF ~Ao@erq AaUS @A˩ AScw c ~^FB ha TSK | cHɻrT R ~mprF l@vgc AcFTS @ ~AgBɩ rAH WpH R ~c Ar@ AaUS J | jq ~c R WpH @H J hOcw ~AgBɩc gK (emp gK)@ cBS @ U@خoH ~ZFɩ gK@ U oAaUS | Osɻ ~SFT j@BS @Ac @ j@Av ް @ BS s -sw ~^FB rAH U@ hOcH R oAS@ rAH ~oFAK Sw ccɮ @ ~Ao@ @R cA AaUS | @ AUZaS,
"Sw cAA ɲcf A @بA~
aq aq B cQ| SA~ ||"
Osɻsw jqc @A˩ AScw R ~^FB rAH @Ac AS hOcw cgK ~AgBɩ cp cq cA S jU ~T ~T co ~TA ceU gK@ ZJB ީT S | ~crF cgK ~^FB rAH TSK AF ASTɻH ZS TB ~STA AaU S |

jTS@f emp gK AO T@cFAU i @UR S@wTS AaU ~coA̩ | Osɻsw sR c kcc (c ~oS ceUr) j@Av r@ @ BS s,

"~ɰr HAH TF OA̩AS O
gKe TScrL Mce S@e cBl"
ToFsw Kɦr rNf ~cAo TSTU, OfTU R oTTU TS TU@cFAU c R ~w rf@pG@fS R PcGcްcUf jce cf@U POSFBfcSf AF U@خoH OUAOn TSgc i ~AS | c-TLF R c@\ TSKBS BfcS@AAS a b@ wa U@خoH ~A oH BfcS | TU@cF @U@ة-ب\U TS ~^FB TSKBS Z:Z TZ BfcS BUaAc بv iUR cvq oTf Tɦ@ ~cH ~cp | oTf gc @Av i TSc BwS TZA̩ AS TU@cF ~ZFS |

ToFsw Pcf ATU @cFAF j@Tn cFAnT U r rNf AO ~@S Bg @Ac MU@Bf Ԯf TSTf c UO^Hf jce Pݰ ~URU Xcf | TScc TAT BU jq @cF U@BfcS rs TAЩ | ccf TLF OS ToFswf cp cq A^ TAUT empA T^ j@ SS gcOS ASAT jq U@BfcS ~ZFS |

~ɰr rNf TU@cFo crK @Ac g̩O^ H@ J ~^TU-j Pcf OAn U@ݩ بAv US | ~^TU U@خoH AASAo Drf vSf @i oH TSK AOݩ ~A @ AScA a cf ~^ @a, ~T ^S sS @ og |

j d U ceU ~oAS@ @cFAF o | qf TAxv@ة ~cw R ScBwH gc SS o @cFfA jce @cFOOɻ ~S @ ck wUS ceU A^@ TSK | cf^S ~@v mf@pA oAS U @ةS,

@pKH BfcS rA@ sBS,
@T R @ F ~Lfݩ @a ~BS,
s ~a TAv @a@Aa
@Ac cHf UAw @S ~Aa
jq cF@بU ~ɩA cf^ɫ sw @Ac mr @AS | qf ~AmLcɰ, AcAha^cɰ jce cFA j@@fL cU cq cd OqUS S | c ceU @ɮAF PrUBS^ R re@ ɩ o i jU AScw cɩF TSK @ | re@ J @Ac SF ASq-@AcU f fr T@ AB @US ~T TS | q AcZFɩ UqS, "@U sA T^ c @r A@U @^ @FS" | cFAwgc ~T TS j@U ceU U@@Ac T @ re@ (1898-1971) | JUf cJ@ @- re@ pBS @US T, @, cwf TZ ~hal TSKAU ~@pAnT U@BfcS @@ة | TSwf AЩ TUO@ @UAcUc S @ J@ "j@BS ~AX^f ~ɡAU@ @ɮAAF@" jq ~Ago gkAK @ UUS |

@\UU sw ~TSF rAo @Ac BfTfS (1902-1976) QnR SwA@ AЩ ~S TSgc AO R s | @\UU ~SFT @Ho ~AO^F@بT S BfTfS @ػ J cFAnTf TkUFS cUS, "j@c ɰTv ~LgU aU jq BfTfS | OU AOdAH Sq, BT cɩT Sq, crc AcSFɮ Sq | c ~gc O ͰɮfSFq cAr | U rFTU ATkA | s wT AS @Ac q Acr cFAL, AmA | @Ac BfTfSq T wT A@ e@ة iUS, OKgK, ZZT, SfSU A@ Rq e@ة wU |"

cf^S @ةS ~A SAaUS BfTfS | Acr@Ac ~S AAS BASaS,

"~S^@U s cS Aa o c@
jr @Ac Z Sq s TZ gK v@
cF@ ~AT @TS BSc ? cR TAv @S
A @g rS s sA A@ @ TAv H" |
jq AaUS BfTfS | J TS TAv @S @ TAv H @ S SAS @\UU SwA@ @Ac | BfTfS @Ac jTS c UqS i ~ s @ jq @Ac @\SR @ S S | sTS ZU aU @Ac AAS AUZaS,
"OU TvrJAv BA ZS
cUa sS - wJ ZU, j@v ZU s"
jq ~SK, jq @\ ceU @Ac qAkc ~AS @ZSR | TvJAv wJ ZU ZAS BA o @ ZU @a j sw ~oAS@ @Ac TSBw cq AcK | cR BfTfS gA ~EOsgc re@ Tq SwA@ AЩ TUO@ MBSF "\Uf@Ac" ~Ago gkAK wUS |

jq AЩcw ceU U@خoH @Ac c U@@Ac w j@q pAgA Jv AaS ~ɡAU@ UcU | A@ا ceU U@@Ac A@ ~ɡAU@ ~Ago ToFq fAT @ AcK ? j cFA ~S@ cAr | o UZަ BS ArAQةBSq SS, sJ @SAS cq TZ ZSAS q ~ArAQة ASQ TSKR Zc Bq jq @Ac ASB j@L @ AS S | jq swkn OS cF ~ɡAU@ @Ac gkAT@ ~F^ lskH | : cdH@بT Oncf J ɲA@ ASc^ : ~ɡAU@ @Ac ɮA r UaS, "BfcSS^, AcG , of^S jJ sA cɰR Aq, jTSA@ cf^S UZ ~Ao@er @Acq A@ ASQ TSK gwF ? ~ɮU o Q̩q @Ac ~mɰS j@Tn ~cUcS S, ~S@ ArAQة TSKR @cF ̮ ~mɰS @ S S, jBSF AcrK ArQ BS, ArQ ~crFq ިJAw S | ...... @Ac AAv rN lsTAЩ | AU ~SK, cFS @U cowTF S | q jZS@ AS @cFOOɻ TAT TSK sw - cp TScTB ASQ jce ArAQة s ToF wa, j @ k ~cmS @ | @Sq swkn w RiAS | ~O ~T ToFsw AF, s AaU j@^gc wfAAF c @cFAF cp TScTB AaU ASAc sw | jTSA@ ASQ TSKBSR ToFswf @cF@U AAO AaUS | ..... ToFswf cɩcH ~oAS@ sw s ATUc S cUq cUF | aɦ jZS@ @cF Hw l@K ~S@ cAr hOTS jce , jq AQq ~ɡAU@ @Ac ~L@r ~ɡAU@ gK @Ac OS TZF rF ~Ao@ eZF@ ~ɡAU@ TSK @a MJaS | TAT ArAQة SwA@ i@ cp@ gC cp i@ TB swkn OS |"

U@خoH ~@J gK R AOn@\ TpXo ceU U@@Ac m^ TAT BU | r@ s TSKBS ceU Ti Wv wT w B ca o @ةAc cc-empA OMA cq ceU TkU empA ɩo@ ~S HOs fAc @ ~BR cTS @ ZaS J Z:Z, m ~ mg ~c SS @ m Z TF MdK ~ZFS ceU U@@Ac |

: of @H J j@ ɲA@ UZ cUaS, "cCU @Ac OAU ATU ilq sS IJA ަU SS fA SS gK j@ oS wTfH @Ac ; ilq Z wU gBe TAI, JIAU @بJqA, S cwA, U T O cw R ~cw aSa @ Aha ceU @Ac wB^ ATS, AEOT fT^ cCU cSɦ ^ @U ZɰS @ U cJo MJa wU A ASyAK A@ا ewT ~vU j@ IJ@ wJ TSK - s @ cU qha @UR cf^S@ cU AaU TI TI wAa ~AT R ɦ H o | Ag cr @A rA AaU S j@c | [: of@بT @H, cCU ~ɡAU@ @Ac : , @Ac AT, ceU ~ɡAU@ @Ac eZF, jAU 2007]

ceU U@@Ac c ~ɡAU@ @Ac cl rB @H AOn@\ @\S, AcKPcAOnF, gKPcAOnF ~oAS@ة@ ~AnT @ wa mha^ | ~oAS@ @Ac U@BfcS, U@خoH TZ gK i ~AS jgc | ceU @Ac j j@ SS Tn, @A˩ AScw ~hal BSBfcS r@ئXo vv@ JTAv cɮ AS ceU @Ac gkcS kOS @a ~oAS@ة |

~B@ jq AcrS sw AcrB @ɻv AS v sZS ~F^ @بrU TF@S\ empA w U j@ AcrU ~BS OUa ZS ~ɡAU@ @Ac mAo hOH r@ @ WKH @a | empA@ TBɩfݩ (cultural homogeneity) Acf JA PcAOnFkH U@ݩ BfcS@ AS j j@ dZ JS ewT | ~T empA@ ~AmL@ sZS nTr AEOTf TF@S\ empA wɮ @ ca ZS ~T ~ɡAU@ @Ac U@خoH ~B BfcS ASB BfAc @ AS jAw s A Acf |

~T pf Acr TAv o empA@ PcAOnF S BfcPcAOnFR TpXo | jq BfcPcAOnF@ @fgc cJOS sc q OFUR j a ~T wɦ | BfcBw ~AmL @H BfcPcAOnF@ cJAO Zv j@^ BdA | gKPcAOnFR q, @S gK@ TpXo R Hc^ Z wU gK c ~ɡAU@ gKAU@ cJAO Zv ~crF@ | Ai@ sgc j@Av c Sf@ ɩAmSf Z wU rZSf R SfAU@ cJAO Z ~S@v q@T | ceU AcAg^ ~U U@gKAU@ Bfc Zv TkU BSFq cO cAr BS | sAR qSfe OOɻ ~gc, wcKH ~gc, eQH ~gc A s ca U@gK ~TkUF g | SwS, Ar\S sgc oe @ OUa U@BfcS R BSް TASgc @ɻv empA ~wɮS oe ca U@gKAU |

jq AQ ~ɡAU@ @Ac dL ~S@ZAS | ~ɡAU@ @Ac s U@خoH@ mAީ @ O cFcY gK g (vocabulary) ~S@ cAr TpXo | wT ceU @A˩ AScw j@BS Zv ZR TSK AS sAU ceU ~ɡAU@ rN cFc @S eZF ~S@ | ~SFA@ wT c r jAUv ccTB AS s TAT @@Av ccrN cFc @S eZF AS^q ~\ | jgc Z s ceU ~ɡAU@ @Ac gKPcAOnF A@ @ j@ SS Aw^ Aa ZU | ZFɩ gKɩALL@ BFAgkKH O@f ~AgT U "~T s@ TF OAU gK cUAa R ~U AcrKq gK | ZS s ~eZF rN g @ةv@ب ; AEOTc AcAg^ ~U sc rN aA ~a eZF ~^ ޡr H cAr | jq rN ceU gKq ASBm ~O wHS cA | sU o Z BSF Oq oH ~AgoS R ~ɡAU@ ~AgoS | oH ~AgoS @ S cUq gU, ~ɡAU@ ~AgoSR ~ɡAU@ rN ~gc | ~ɡAU@ gKR hOH R ~˻ A@a g Wva, pA a ɡAU@ gK | c ~ @c ~T ~AgoS iJq c ? q Oq ~ɡAU@ gK cF@H s c TSF OAU gK cF@H k@ | nAn@R ~ɡAU@ @Ac R w\ qFA ~SFSF AF ~A@ ~ɮ@ | cɩF cU p@gc AOA @ @ Sq |"

ceU ~ɡAU@ @Ac ~B ~S@vq cAO@ Ar\f MBSF cp ofTB R U@خTB @a MJaa, A@ا nAn@ c ~F@AT@ OOɻ @B jZS gc AS | U@خoH A̰F ASyAK s-BfcS ~ɡAU@ @Ac TZF AcK cTS g̩cK q BfcS iJq a cɩF Ac. A. jU AU@ | q AcrAcFU ~oF@ wcKH, ~UOSOn ~ɡAU@ @Ac ~B cɩF | ceU ~oAS@ @Ac rAr j@T T^U j@Av o s ~B ~S HOs cTS Zc AЩ ZS S, c ZUR @ dL R BS TS @S S |

~crF ceU U@خoH @Ac ceU, ~ɡAU@ @Ac U@خAFq ~AcrK | @Bq jZS cf^S q AcZFɩ A ~T ~ j@c mH @ A - "AOASq U@خAF U@ ~ASq pA @A ~Aa | U cc cɩ A ~T @UB ɩU W A@ J @A @q cA Sq | @U AFq sTS jq U@خAFR q r, ~ɻl q gU T^ TIA @U Bq ABAS ~a | q s gU ~ gU - Bw @S A@ g A@aTn UB qc @H Sq | ~jc, Aw ~T @UB @SR AAwof@q U@خAF TdANcS @ ABc S |"

jv gc @ mofS Kv ca R TkU empA cU oTn SwA@ ToFAc empA@q cI, AF @H ToFAc SwA@ TB X AO ToFAc SwA@ AF | jq Bw JA ceU oUTAv TSK @Ac ASgf@ hOH WKH @,

"cc AF r OL
cɩF ~B oUTAv TSK
cɩF ~B oUTAv @Ac
Mްf cmH jq sw
gfyT c ASAc@ ASAyn
cBA@ AS pK@ة
J cq ~B cBA@ SwA@
q jZS TAv Sq, Ar@ئ Sq
Ar@ vS TAv @a @S Sq
cU cFU@AS
cpQ cU c
A A cSq |
cR jq ceU
oUTAv TSK TZ gK c@ gK AS
Ti Wv wT w B ca o
TAv TSK ~^fS ~ب^ gUcɮ
BS g g
@UTfU T ~B ~a cJO
Zv ZR TSK @@ة
oUTAv @Ac |"



(cɮ-41, T, 2008)



~UH: BAK cS



jq UZ ~S @TS UwU ?




© 2008, Parabaas, Inc.