~SF cf^S : j@Av w\-ASc^

ɰ @TUf



c^ wT oSf ɮ Acoc R JO ca wgcf AaU | wT TSK A̰ oSf@ jq ~SO R Tɬ @ ZS | ݩ Rq wT @ةɻ ިdKAU @Ac cf^S-j T BS, "TB sA ~rA^ S Wv, U cFAgO cFAgOq S |"[1] sq@, oSf j@ aU B^ AU, aU ST ZU ~NU | wT TSK OZ gk ~ j@c cJ@ , ~NU @S, TUTS ST ? o iJv \v, ~NU qU O@, cA^ v ~NU c S A@ i@ب c ? sA @ | ~NU c TUTSR | oSf ~: ~SF ~SF T T aU@ o@U Zq rf ި @ U, a wS @ cU ^ @ @ cU rZ, q R Jc BSF s s @ ~gAc oSf oFT q ~NU BSF @ | ~NU J rZ | mofSgc J ArZq TS o Sɲf BfH cA T ~ @S @ Sq | cAv@ w U AUR @S QA c S | ~NU AXo^ S, oSf@ w U c | wT TSK jq Zc BS :Z | @ش @ش ZS ~c cf^S@ mH @ | cf^S q @c 1925 Sq m @ B^AS^H BS @ cUAaUS | w rNf d @ AcU TA mvޮ, qS jUS @, ~TA@ Twɻv Few TZ B^AS^H Q ~^US d @AaUS | AT Few jq AcK cf^S @a J T BS OS | w^fAB PcAS@ XoA B^AS^H AcQ, esT ToFT AS^H Q AaUS AAS | cf^S 1925 U j@ AOAi ASc^ AT Few@ UZS, " I am of opinion that Birth Control Movement is a great movement not only because it will save women from enforced and undesirable maternity, but because it will help the cause of peace by lessening the number of surplus population of a country scrambling for food and space outside its original limits. In a hunger- stricken country like India it is a cruel crime thoughtlessly to bring more children in existence than could properly be taken care of, causing endless suffering to them and imposing a degrading condition upon the whole family. " [2] g̩-ceUr cf^S jq cHf @ة @vgc ~B F ia | oSf BfcSR gc gc F, ~S@A ^SAv BfcS AcSr @H JAa | ~O w rNf @بA r@q cf^S Rq oSf Ac @ cI ~S@A B^ jS BSF B^ASo@ cFc @ \UZ @AaUS | 1928 U cA T J moSF AUf@بT @ UZ AOAi UZS, "cFAgO U sA ^STF Z , U ~B@U vR TF S | @SS @xvAvg cA wa | AScH UR B | e wgoH @ cU @ coS Z ~ TS Sq |"[1] oSf jɮc BS S, BSU ~NU T ^S B^ S | c ~NU BS, cf^S @ Sa, A@a aR | BSFq j w, Nɦ @, @TFSU, A^ cU wU A co S |

cf^S oTAO^ AS Acm UZ, ~@ @ػ-Ac@ػ a | Rqc @ػAc@ػ kH cf^S US @ش cU@ cf^S Ac gAc P@rA@ AO^@q cf^S oTAO^ Ac AA @ OaS | @ش Oa Ac@ػA j@ TTSc AH @ | A@ا Ai@gc AH c Am cf^S ASBq Ay @aS J oTT - "~AT A^TB B^wH @AAa | ~AT cQ| g | ~T oT AcrBASS jce vq A^oT |" [3] 1926 U b@ AcrAcFU j@v cp cf^S AAaUS, ~w 1924 U OfS @Ac oT AcK cp S | Av cp
Talks in China jce Meaning of Art ST Visva-Bharati Quarterly @r @S 1925 jce 1926 U | 1936 U Contemporary Indian Philosophy w^ The Religion of An Artist c^ Rq cpɰAv mS | sq@, Rq Av AUAZ cp @Ac cf^S ASB oT ~ cUS, " My religion is essentially a poets religion. Its touch comes to me through the same unseen and trackless channels as does the inspiration of my music. My religious life has followed the same mysterious line of growth as has my poetical life. Somehow they are wedded to each other " | ~NU BSF ~ A@a XopA cf^S @q \UZ @c, c cf^S oT AcK @A @ cU wU OScAU @@Av Z TS ic | o ~NU@ cU BSF sv@ب cU cUc | ~soF ccA TAB AS w A^ ~S@ w ~T FQ @UT | ccA TAB mSq T B^ q oTf R BPSA@ Ac ~ w @ UAaU | ~ cf^S, @Ac cf^S, sJ@ cCAU ~ɰ @ cUS Acr@Ac, J cBSfS pAgA BSF jq Zc UR ~NU Zc SZr, @Bf SBdU qUT@R @S Acr@Ac Zc R U S | @Bf @T @ ! ~Tɦ U ~Scɰ@, ~B T, S, @fS gBS OAݩ @Bf SBdU Rq cf^S BSFq Acr@Ac Zc US S cU ~NU Zc Acrɮ | cf^S @ة c @Ac QF J @Ac, TSK Ac @ة TS R R J OScAUq Qf | A^ Ac fW@UfS Ac UR @Ac cf^S gK R a^ @Ac T B^gkAT ASAEO @ S -
S̰ @AU A, "q F s AOc AT,
Wv s c F S | @Ac, c TSgkAT,
T BSTmS, ~soF O F BS |"
A^Acc c^ cf^S mfAS^ BSF TSeA fc TUOS @ cUS, "TSeA mfAS^cO@ s-@U r@ ~a Xop @A UB R @ co |" jq c^ AAS Tg ~SrɮS c oTB sAoA jce gfyT Sf AS^ TUOS @ cUS, "mfU@ OAn c^ s j Acrɮ mfU@@ s˻ S @ ~QT |"

@Ac cf^S oT cI BSF ~^ @U^ w^ZAS jce T^cU-@ AUAZ AOAiAU sA ~NU c cO q cAr @ c | U s-T BSF B^ R BfcS a q T@q w U @ T c |

TUTS cf^S @ػ ASR ~S@ @, AcrK BAT cf^S i@ب sZS TUTS oS jU@ BATA @aS | BATA cf^S ~BS S, Ao@̮kn ~A޻ | T OMof @ cq gkAT@ cf^S AUZAaUS, "~T B^w r BATA, A@ا ~T mgcw r ~ɮTSA | jq @Hq BATA BAT ~J@ @ ~T ~^ cpA Sq | ... ~AT BAS BAT BAT BJ@, Fɮqv, Ar Bfc |" jq BATA @B T ArUq j cf^S T s @BAv @S U, ABS cQ|H ~ TUTS TsɻAgA@ ~ɮS U cq@ j@q Tsɻ cA | ScTrq T AB S, A@aq Bɩ gC c S | cf^S ~S, ~ɮS BAg U S AU AAS A@aq ccS S | @Ac cf^S cUUS, "OfS ~AT cAI S, c BSF j@ɮS @ c | BAT Ac jq ~T T @بT |" o q S, BAT AcR ~AgK@ AS, T gKH AAS cUUS, " ɩ @ rZ cJO c | jvq ~T cT @B |"[4] ~r @A jce rZ cU @ cIS a ~ ~NU@ cU c S | @U^ w^ ~NU ~ BS c TUTS @ػ, jTSA@ A^ T@ػR, cf^S TT |

W cq SF oS OAn ASAZUr, s@ ~UO@wH ASAZUr ~ɮU cf^S ASBq cU TS @S | q ASAZUr j@Av @ \UZ S @ Aa S, "r TAKR o , TAKR OK @ | A@ا @vT T AS cɻ ̽ TZ sZS iST SpF @ c, ZS oT q A TUTS Iw @U oT TS TS | @cU Iwvq cU Ri | @cU w̨q sA ~coF ~ TK sA ~coF S , c Rv oT S, Rv ~^ em |" cO ~NU, ~S@ ~ ަ c, ~^ ASAv TUTAS ~@rS cf^S cp c AccpA | cf^FAcr̰ wcK@ ~ATg OMof qUT R cf^S w^ jq cp AccpA Zc AaS | 1933 U 26 Sgc cc r wc Ac sS ~SS gAL @S AcOA ATBɻ ~AU ~@c ZJ | jq g cf^S j@Av cHf AUZ iS, cHfAv i @ rSS @ew AcZFɩ S rfTf ABSf Sq | @Ac cf^S q cHf AUZAaUS, "Bw s TSF @@Av oT ~a, qUT oT q ~SFT | TS jq oTT ~SwTf ALR q AcިU | qUT^f TS Z @, oTAcr TLL ~ wgf̩ sS J AAS BfcSsn R a Z s |"

1934 U BS 25 AZ ATUɰ^Ac Ac UQF c O rF cf^S ~ j@Av cHf UZS, "qUT pAcf TɫT oT ToF j@Av | jq @H ~ScAwH AL ~fT, s ~S BfcS jq oT TLL c^ J QF A c | ... ~B@ jq ިHF ~SS UQF TAUT gq j@sw qUT TAK rF ~T gA ~޻H @ lfA۩ g̩cK BSF J ~rfcɻ R ^S @TS @A |"

1936 U cA 27 AZ cf^S rA^AS@ةS @ SA\Uf BT TAB @Ar wc eZF BSF j@Av ghacɩɻ AUZ iS | q cɩɻ AAS cUS, "AsAS Acr TT ~SFT, q Acn wc B̩ T rF ~AT ~T ~^ wgf rXo AScS @A | TSK qA j@ SS cST BfcSfrA @AaUS wc B̩, jSAaUS ASZɰ, Xo oTɻOH ~ɰr | cɻ^:@H ˻S @A Acn wc Ar sJ ~SH @aS, ~oAS@ g̩cK gF qAɮ OS @ J sS BfcS @ػ J wgf ~m jce wc ArQ@ ss Tsɻ S |"

ASB wn cq TSK R pAcf BSF, k BSF Acr@Ac cf^S cF@بU SS; J
The Religion of Man w^ @ XopA : My banished soul sitting in the civilized isolation of the town-life cried within me for the enlargement of the horizon of its comprehension. I was like the torn-away line of a verse, always in a state of suspense, while the other line, with which it rhymed and which could give it fullness, was smudged by the mist away in some undecipherable distance. ~c, Aa^ncUf 238 n ZS, "Ai@ s@ oH oT cU v ~AT ~T ASB ToF m pb Ug @ Aa cU AS, A@ا TS Ag nTr s-j@v Bfc ް˻ pA ia ~S@ T ~Sgc @ A | AcrK @S j@v ASA T S - j@v ASwkb OS, j@v SS ~^AA^ | ... rm s UZ F A@ ATF cU AS, A@ا s-Tm F ~S@ T ~T Q kH ~Sswf, cm䨩 ~T Q ~AmL Sq cUUq OU |"

qeB AcdXo BɦɮJ@ i@ب Ac AccTZf AaU S, mrf ~^US cf^S ~ rBS T IJA S AcKAv AAS AccOS @aS lɰS, ~˻SfA ~ BSTSK nQT AgA | W cq SF AO^ md Z s ASAZUr Ag | @ @U ASTɻH, rUq PA O, qeB @ɲAS AsAw @ BB OUS qFA ToFT cf^S R J Ac mrco AO S | BAUSRUcw F@ cf^S J Sqv Ao AA AAaUS cpAvrB@ | ca ~ɻl BAUSRUcw F@ T cAK@f 1920 U cf^S Tɯ ~Uf AB^ @a j@Av AOAi AUZ iS, "~qS R rpU Q ~B ɵc j@Av TO ~SA a | Oca o s Scf ewT Acoɩ p jq Bwl@ ~S o R AcK @UAߩ @a, q ~ɮA@ ̮F U jq BAUSRUcw |" gɩ TZoF cf^BfcSf pf Z ceU ~SA jq AOAi cS | TB cF ha, Rq F@ @ew s Pci@ c, gAL @S TAUU Sd | Pci@ BRUU Sd jce AB^R Amϩ AaUS | F AvAcS @wB ecA@ ~TU T AS BRUU Sd@ ~So @S cf^S Sqv Fw AS sS j@Av mc SR | ~S@ ~So BRUU gA TAUU@ jq AcK j@Av AO@بv S, gA OrT Z ASO Z S | AXfcR j@q WvS Wv | A^ @TFSU cf^S Sqv Ao Fw R @S ~UOS AS @ew @AS |

A FUmvqS jce qqU ~c ecɰ ArST ia | s T˻Sި qqU sA R TSccofS jce hapU | Acr@Ac cf^S q 1930 U @Ar BAr mvFɦ An@ j@ Ql@ qA rF cUAaUS, "wgfgc AccOS @U Z s s, qA R ~c j@ Ac, FJ j@ TS Ac F | ... ~c ~S ~F^ @a TSK | ... ~c US [AEOT r] AF AF ~S O kcf | ~c ~S ~S@ ATU ~a, R [AEOTrf] @S AcKq ~S ATU Sq | jTSA@ s^empA r s ~TA@, ZSR ~S j@q qA ~TA@S Ac ccɮ @ S | A@ا ~S j@q qA R FUmvqS S S @S ?" cf^S qeAB OScUf 3 Z @ @dHT wmTf jq Ql@ ~Scɰ @ jAU 26, 2002 AZ PAS@ BS@i @r @S | ~NU T oSf UR ~NU Tɯ ~Sf | A@ا ~NU @A˩ A^ cf^S Tɯ T بU gUcɮS, بU AXg @pAK AaU cf^S A | jq gUcɮ @q cf^S aU f^S@ T@pG ATrS c Tɰɮ S Ai @pAK ArZ ~TA@ AiAaUS | ~NU sA ^ Ac بU gUc @, c q بU ~S@AU ST cf^S ZAaUS, sTS cwS AcUɮ, cɮ^f, qmAS, ToTf, BA, I, SfUTAHU, cSިU@, SIA, ATIA, بUIA, ~AArZ qFA | [5]

Acrco ^ ~ɲA@ @Ac cf^S-j TkA Acr c r T AOSR jq 2000 U 31 T AZ AA | ~ AOS cf^S iF a cca @q | ScfAB ArQ BSF k AOS s cUAaUS | AOS ASBq j wH @a OF jq oS TSfKf cf^S i@ب@ | Tɰɮ ArQ ~OUݩS W cA^ ~NU we jZS cf^S@q TkU AcSr @ U ZAr | A@ا r@بS R wd T S, c SU QR c S ~S^ ^@ Ac @ | ~NU wɮ, ~QT w jBSFq | mofS ToF A ceUr s-@@Av ~BS c a, j@Av U ceUr Bɩf f Ac ceU r @Ac OS@ wH @, c cf^S ~w S, AAS @ة ~wq ްɻ ASaS | ceUr Bɩfݩcɰf Sq ~T S ceU-@ Bɩf f Ac wH @aS | , ZT@ @S @Acd R w @S |

Ar\cofS ~NU OUAhOn AcKR ASB ~ک BA @ UB S | ~NU oH Kv r@ kc A@mS A@a ~oH aAc ASAT a | A^ FAB US @S ~erq @T S | H Ac @O U-@ AZU @a | @O U TUɦT OdU c ~AB- US TkZ ~NUq @ | o cUc rA^AS@ةS an FABl R AaUS cf^S T AcrTSc | jce cf^S q 1920 r@q OUAhOn Ar\@ sgc eAݩ @AaUS, FABl R q TMAU@ oH KH @S | SvFOs ArAr@بT gɰA avgq TA gɰA@ UZ AOAi cf^S 1929 U 29 Sgc AZ OUAhOn Ar\ m @ػ UZS, " ... ~T Acrɮ aAOn@ ~cUcS @ s SS @U ~Acgɻc Fr @ s jZS Z sAS | ... ~S p Bw ~L@r mofS F@ @UAcF UQF | SqU ~LTsɻ ~gc ~L@r S | aAOn jZS s^ AF OvcpA @ OUa - @H @S @ ~S Ag cU @ jq ɮL @ Xo @ AS | @ @AiS, @H @cF c AOn c f @H TkUF S, aAOn ~BS ~A˻@ TkUoS ~Q Z, o ppArA S | aAOn oS ABASv ha prF wAc | jq OUTS M^s c TAT jTS @ Amبv @ AOl s @S c@F sF cFf ~S@ kH ˻@ @ | ASB gK T ~ j@v gK @cAU OZ ~CU A TS cAI sA c v ʨ @r | OUTS o f sTS AcS c@Fq ~S TLF Ug @ , TAS OUlc @S j@Av m^ ̮pA ^AK c S | S s @cU pA@ةɻ ~gc, jce ~UAO BSoH Tkb۩, ~S^ c ~Ao@f S cUq OT@ c Sr c |"[6]

~T rf-j qASe ~T w^ j@Av ASc^ @ TS ަa | AAS AUZaS, " ... ~T cCUf AS sc cf^S ST SSgc S q A@ec AcAg^ BS hOH @A c F STR S r c hOA̩ | OfS@U @ g̩cK ~B@ @-g̩-ceUr PcAr@ OSɮ^ j c TSfKf-TSmf @Ac @ZS ~Acgk SAS | OSU@ AcvL, AcK PcAOnF, ~Sgc wgf̩, co cF@ة ... ~A@ AcAOn cf^-AF j@Av R - j@v OS Bwl |"

~T a cf^S c^ B R wgf F @Av AUZaS, "~T ~S^, ~T wMc cf^S ceUgK@ TSK swf gK Ac Aݩ @aS | cf^S @a ~T TSK R H q |"

cf^c^ : R TBAO^ wcKH w^ TݨS ~Bɰ AUZaS, "cf^S BSfAAc SS, nب cmccɰf AO^AcR SS | AAS TSccɰf R TBAO^Ac | J pA TF TkU ~cAo MJa, TF TA@ ToS O AO̮ToS BSF AAS cFw |"

jR ~NU sA T oSf ~c cf^S Tw pA w U A O, A@ | w c@ بJ j@AS ceUr AEOTc T ~ j@Av cf^gkAT Bw i cJogC Z ATUS wS wqc, ~S^@U |


[1] Sf cFAgO AcK cf^S 1928 U U cA AZ J moSF AUf@بT @ j@ fW AOAi UZS, q AOAi @ Xop | qUT R cf^S ; ~ATg OMof, ATn R WK cAUrɮ; 1400, B^AS^H R cf^S, p: 33 | <> [2] j@n cf^S, ~ATg OMof, B cAUAre ; 1390; cf^S R Sɮc^f, p : 464 |

[3] qUT R cf^S ; ~ATg OMof, ATn R WK cAUrɮ; 1400, B^AS^H R cf^S, p: 1 | w rNf Anr r@ ~ɰTTA T cf^S A^ S cQ| jq @ػ d | ZS AAS j@ AccpA J oTT jqgc @r @S |

[4] j@n cf^S, ~ATg OMof, B cAUAre ; 1390; BAT cf^S, p : 176 |

[5] ~SĨ ; O˻ eZF, 1407; ~SĨ @rSf, @Ac@p ST @@Av Ar R AcAr بU, cfɰ TZoF |

[6] TA gɰA OUAhOn @ػ cf^S TT BS OqU cf^S j@ AOAi J T S | TkU AOAiAv AQة ~a @U@ɩ vw A̮O qSAmvvFv-j | cf^S OUAhOnco, B ; AFrf, 1384 ; @U@ɩ ; cf^S OUAhOnco, p: 3-4 |





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