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mv q @ @ q Ri fQ rK @ A @UB wT aAv ަa ~B, cqr T | U BUq ~c oUTZ ɮdT Aw b@c | TI jq ASU ZrS c TS sw Sq c^Ψ ToF | sw Sq, S ; ~ɮU @U@ɩ jq WTg gFޮ wT ~ @v@v ɰ, cq cS Awv ZAS@ AaAS S | mU ZU @U RA@ SFrSU UqcA, AOAZS @ d @ jr S^S, AcAvr @ɴA^U UqcA, wUwcB -- A@aq cɰ s S | @U@ɩ A@ ~ ~ɦ c Bw ~gc, SA@ ɬ-U @UB @v T qha ~T @S @TA ~a ! U cJo cA A c | A@ا, aAv ަUq s A@ ! wT sTS BAT , UɦrAeR TAS ~SA@ cɦ @ | j wJ-w S s ިv ި@ب cJrcS W cc, A@ec ~Twa U Tɰ ަc | j j@c r @U@ɩ | e, cA TS A cɮ-v@ AOl@ rA^ R Sq, S j@v ASAAcAU A@ waU b@ ~U WcA @U Tr lɩ ! ~T T^A^@ TSA@ة wJ-W Tr-TAav@ cr Z ZR UR, ASB Zf-@TU r cɮmS j@cq A S | U AcUQH c q j@@خT | ~B fQ rK cUT cq j@خ | TS AAɮ T jq fQv ASqAS @ش ; c fQ wɯfs j@q@T @ | Zɩ BT A cq cA cFw Aa AS AS j@IU@ ~UOS | @ A@ AUZa A@زc UZAS jce @S | gT, fr ި UvR cAa | R sS o ~Sɮ U aɦ ~ @S A@aq ~ɮA Sq, jTS j@v gc ! cq j@r j JAAa | @U @ aAv d, j ɦɩA cATZ c, SA@ @R sR s, vq gc ha | Ur cUU, "OU c S^ i@ Aw cA | d @S @ O AS Sc | AcU c rfTS Aɮ ST |"- cUq : : A ! ~TR UUT | @T s^ OU Aɮ ST-T O@ ~ UcHFcf @ Z | A@^, R cc-T jZSq R BSF "jAUABcU cFOU"-j ^S d @ w Aw @AS ~w Wɦ ~cAo j@c @ذTaJv aJv @UB ~ɮ @q Ur R@ rfTS Aɮ cU Tm ~̯ @a ! jZS ~AcArF Aɮ wU S | ~TR cA ަUT | ~qAv gU | @UB AaS AcrU Tiv ~SF ^ j@v O @S | @S TSq j@v c c^RU ɩU cA, AcrU j@v ASTwa a b@ | cAv w j@ ca o Uc^ ~a | @Bq ~T j Uc^ AwU TS AJA jce wa SfOv c ~ AAݦU ~ɦ Aq | jq ~T S^ i@ |

s@S fQ AS @S sS q AcK R scf cqZɩ gfKH Tf Sv T cFw ToF b@ ަ O jce b@ sR | U cFwv U bU T ! q bUAv@ j@r sL U A ɩ- aA c T rv @U @ | "jc cU, aAv @ @ sAha ?" Z wU @شq @U@ɩ @a S jc, j@BS aɦ | O^ sc wUި, fr, gT cFw Aa A ATU BSF | ATU fr j@ c^Ψ TT cwScA | AAS s cS S jc, R ZAr TSq OAc AaS | -- "~AT j@v jTS Bw sAha, sZS @ش sAha S | OqU ~crF s @ش, ST^^ A |" O OT@ A A cUU SfU | SfU | ATA mgc ~cCAU T | ~ɰ R r cQ|H, A@ا c ca o jZS @ @ cCUv gUT ArZ wa R | cCU ަ ArZa o S; w\-@Ac , gU cCU A\T Z jce fAT AAɮ ~UOSR @ | "@ sAc q ?"-- ABڮ @UT |
-- "~AT sAha AUcc cA ZJB", ɮU SfU |
-- AUccv ~c @ ?
-- @f ? AUcc ~ɮU q U@ ~ q AOAS S ?
-- ~T U@ TS ? A@ JAU ha ? Ai@ @ cU S ? wq wU gT |
-- خ rߨ ! AA A SfU | "خ rߨ AwAA @S BS S ?"

jQH cI wU TTUv ! FABl ~ScF pA AcrAcZFɩ AcSf خ rߨ, sJ @ ST AaU AU |

-- q sAc rߨ cA ZJB ? Rv j@v OAn , @\AS@, ~c cA ~a SA@ ?-- cI OqU O^ |
-- U ~T ɮ@ ZJB US sR AO ! ~ɮU R sha AwAA W, @d @a @ S I AU rߨ STv | ATO@ ɮU Ur | cIUT s jv R qha @q cUU SfU@ OvS BSF | cCU BS S c A@a S cUU @S sS SfU Zc ~J Uw, sAR Uw @ S | sq@, Ur AbUv Ai@ Bw ަU jce, d wU Ur-SfU-O^-fr-gT ~ScF Iw ! F@q O @c s s cO cAr a, jce ~SF s A@ha AS -- qv TH @ | c j ToF v U sc cc T, j@A@ T, ~SFA@ aU | UrR \vA@ OU sc, @H Aɮ O T A Aa ! R Iw rK jZS ~S@ A | ~B@q aAv sha, ~c -Tɮ c Iw @ c | jq Iw mɰ T PA Zc A@ec rߨ AAB Tq, oU ~ rK S @ aɦ s S | @Bq R jZS Iw @d@, ~T ce rߨ R AUcc c^ A@ A@ F R BS, v ~ j@c IAU ASq |


1961 U ^r An@ @Ar U cFTsnf f | f ToFT ASB UZSfq T ~L@r WvU mAvrOO @UB ް˻AcS UB@, TZO ~oF@ AnU@r rߨ | rߨ j@BS ASgBU PcAS@ jce ~Acy@ | q AAS l jce @p rTfR | q ZJAv cCAU R r @U@ɩ BAvU BfcSsn jce O@AO@F@ Q @ oSmU Ac ca ASaS AwAA@ | rf Sf TST BU-R@ ~r @ w Ri aAc T ^ r AwAAq PA @aS j@^ ASgp wcKHw sZS c^ΨUF gpF ɰ, jce cT f AcU ASvS aɦ @d crAo@ Sq | ~crF AcrK cFAcw b@aS J wcKHw, sTS -- OfSr Bɰ@ AO-AOe (خ rߨ R AO-AOe), IJIJ ~Xg cU@ ~TkUF@بT c R Z@ (خ rߨ R Z@), TZ |

خ @a @@BS cFA @ AcrKgc \UZ S @U rߨ@ASf ~kH @ s | T BwAv ~crFq F rߨ j@Tn Acrf ~AcSrO^ TBT | qAS AS:e@O, ASAXo rߨ @a ~S jce jq sɩɩ J ASBm T ~Sq ! PcAS@ Ac ~Uɰ @S gT rߨ @ZS ~ɰ @ AS SAS J @a ! rߨ ASB @, "~AcSrcc T ~PcAS@ cFA Bw ~ AXf ~a A@S ^ | gU@ B^ R AO AaU msw | Acer rNf AAS j@cq cTSS | ~T ɬUF ͰɮfSF jce cF˻ AvvA@A -- j v ABASK aɦ RJ @a @ZS A@a Aa cU TS S |" A ~AcSrcc ~T AcA @ @S S | @H AAS TvTAv B-U, gBSA@ TSK | AAS ASB cUS, "~AT Trq ~S@AS @q ASATK o @ gcAa" (خ rߨ R ̽TlF F), ~O ~T rߨ BcScA^ @ BS A s cFv ~ɮU Tvq S, "jq rK @v ~AcArF ATF, @H, ~ A@a S @ -- ~^: qAUrTa gB w^ U s ~AcSrcc ~ ASvS ToF @S l @ S v ~AT ASB OZ cc ZAa" ! q cU A@ ~AcSrcc ~T @a ATFcɰf sS ? S, @ZSq S | @H, ~TS j@v-~ov cA ~T @Uq cU A@, AcrK sA ~UOSv qAUrTa en^ ! v ~AcSrcc ASBR mf@ @S, "Ta aɦ TSK A@ @ cJO BAS S |" J@ q@Tq A@a wަ۩ cCAU s U s sJ @ZS ASB cA OMA cq cA pAcf@ ZSAS | AAS ASBq BSS s AAS @ZS T Z sR Aw TS g @ TSgc ~Sgc @SAS | j ~T ~AcSrcc@ W@بS gc ASq ̩T | A@^, AAS sZS cUS, "ިfv s^ sc sc @ sR U S | ~ɮU A@ BSS -- T Tav ~c ~T Ai@ O S, ~ Rqc Bw ASAO ZAU Rq Z ," ZS ~ J@ j@c r cA TSK S-gc @ S | ~AcSrcc ToF s j@v gTHAɮf TS UA@ AaU, vR ~T BS sq | @H AAS rߨ wUި sR FS S A@aQH O @ @ ASB TS @v cUq US, "IU ަc SA@ ~S ? Kv cݮ U -- T ZUT S, TdgkAT ZUT S, ZAU ɦ aɦ ɦ ZUT S -- rKv Tc T ~rK @ c SA@ ?" jTS gcS TS jU ~ O @ c @ s S | @Bq jc sn ( خ rߨ R ̽TlF F ) AAS خ f; sAR ZJZJ U@ cU vU Riv A@aq TS AS S S, jce BSF mSf cCAU Ac cA Aewmv Acq @S | jq ~AgsS j cTAS O Twg bJ T swR J s, sAR خ@ AB @ J@ Acm sA ZO @ AaU | ~T Ug jqv@بq s, s-sA A AAS خ@ @ɩ @S jce jq cTAS O AaS J TS Ag s @Hv @B @AaU, c ~T BS A | U s o cr TB, qq S, ZAS@ ~gkkcR cv : "~AS PcAS@ S -- A@ا ~AS Ta c^ A@ BSS ? ~AT c Ta-Z--gUc Ta Zq | ~ ~AS F@Av@FAU Ta ZSq S !" AAS jZSq TSAS, Twg sR @vR خ@ cAIq aaS, "U@@ ~^: cU c s լS wAa -- Ta r S TSK r v cU A@ @ ?" jTS BU sA A@ خ Q @ S ? rߨ ~Fɦg f R ~AcSrcc jq d | j AAS rߨ ~A@ Tr waS ( خ rߨ R wAU ); ~A@ s Twg US ~S@ cAr AcްߨU , ~gɮ A Aw خ@ "~PcAS@ B" ~AcSrcc @a @ cr A@a A RS U, -- "~T @بA ~a ~T ~ݨ gSAv-jqv | cW-Ae ~T o @aR ~ɮc S !" sAR ~AcSrcc sZS ABɮ @S, "wAU ABASKv ~T @U@ɩ B-wS AZAO, q S ?", خ cI S s, gU@ B^BS c^ S Zcq @T | mXf rߨ f Aw ޡr ca ~c J@ Zɩ-@UT U AS a | ~vBS PcAS@@ ZS AAS ZaS, sJ @شq mgAc@ cFc @aS S, jce j @H ~SocS @ J Q ~c | kk r^ Tɮw 136 qmv UAAO jce 16 S˻ UFAvAO JMa kH ~AAO c prF AcAĩ , cAS OS TSK@ sA ~Xgk ~OH @ Z , U AcS S-BS oH TSK s ~cm R AO, ~AcSrcc ~cmR q@Tq a | J UZSf ~T q cHSq Aa | @ASf rK jBSF AAS خ@ Am @R aSAS, "ɩ Bw cq Tv@ S A @ BfcSv@ Z cAaUS | s ~cm AaU ~S, @ Aac aɦ ~ A@aq cU s S " ! jq@T gc خ@ coS @ j@Tn ~T ~AcSrccq S | AASq S jR خ f ANc ~AgsS s (j@rp ~AgsS ) sAR ANc gkwU c^ J ~oH S, "TS c @Ef cU BST !" ~AcSrcc AcS lf SS, AAS gkwU-qAɮ T^R AcrK ZJBZc ZS S ; jTS@f خ "c c^Ψ" qeAAB @ c@FU @ IA @ cJO ~AcSrcc v cUS, "~AS OMKAv gK BS S, ~T ceU Pc ~ cU Sq | @U ^F TAHe qgASev cU A, jTS@f RS @ش Z wU cqvR TZ @ cA s -- cAr ~ A@a cS S |" AAS Zc @wB ASAT S, A@ا , oH S ~F^ @T cU AAS Arɵf@ wAU cU gU @S | j@BS AcrAcZFɩ AcSf J Acrf, jq FAv@R AAS ZAS dL S S | A@^, -LLR, oTn J U Y @ BSS cUq خ TSKAv@ ~a^ @S S jce ~AcSrcc@ w\ ~SFT dLkH r»OAn Ac TS AS ~TR ~Aco S | @H ~T BAS s, j cAr wgfgc @S AcK@ ~SocS @, ~AcSrcc Q c S | AAS خ@ AcAr Tsɰ S, jce J B^-AZAvR Ai@i@ TS Z J@ ~AgS^S BS ~S -- "TAS FA B ~ F AvS !" rߨ ASB @, "gU@ cgc jq ~^A@ةkH AaU s ~AT ~ qeAABv eroS @UT S" ( U ~qUF WvS ) | e, j@ B A cU s s Acrf Ac ~AcSrcc T "~PcAS@" OAnAv S @U rߨ@ASf ~ZAS kH i ̩ S |


AcAvr gkLLAc BAT ɮ jce BTS AcSf qUUT nU | T @ cU ASq | ިH r B^kn AAS g̩f | BcAS g J ~AL@ c^S @ ~T BS A, "~AT ~AcArF ɩ ca c cc-T qeU OU ~A, A@ا q ɩ ca mpA, ~ g̩cK R g̩cɮf vS ~T jZS ~S a |" SO An@ @Ar j@Av BfcLL AcK@ c^ kn J خ rߨ ~U | jq ~U A@a q s@p @F^ o | j@BS oH AcSf Ac rߨ @S QT AaU S A c^Ψ@ cJOS sA J ATA@شU S @ة | vN@ Aީ rf Anިr rߨ TpF R A@aAS Av@ئfcc R ^S ~Ssf @MAU j@ BU @ cH^ mHHf wa jS ɩ @ rߨ j@ cwf RKo PA @S, s ST Z ATA@شU | jq RKoq rAv cA rߨ J c^ΨLf@ AiAaUS jce q ɮ@ TpF TZ @ AA ~S | j ɮ g ~S J nc^Ψ jce BfcSɩ TZTAZ ~U @ rF | jq WvSq Tcݮf jq q AcSf BfcS Tɦ WA A j@ TSF ~U@ wb c^ΨL AH @ | jq ATA@شU O@ @^ @q خ rߨ T q sn | j BS j@خ c ~AgsS ~erwH @aS | j@rp ~AgsS-j ިS c^Ψ nU ~U rߨ | nU OAv j@c Acf | , "wAi ިdK O, cAXof \@ SfU OZ, rm UUv "; ~A@ "nU ASB qv JO بv cAr S | v@ T r SUf OU @S j a | cr wJw O | c ~M Ae S |" o, "U@v TI TI cB ~SFTSm , ASc ST o @U c Bcc |" jaɦ rߨ@ UZ AOAi @ BS wa s, "BɰAcF, qOnFɬv qFA @ػ nU TkUFcS wcKH ~a ... R O Zc gU", sAR nU TZTAZ Q rߨ j@cR TS AS s " JOc TFvS Ok ia |" aɦ jq PcAS@ ~SF j@Av AcrK H U s AAS Zc gU cJAr cB S | ANc j@ 沬 @ ew @ TSK ɦ A PA j@Av cJAr BTS U@خf J@ cB rS wa ~SF j@Av ~AgsS ( خ rߨ cH sw )| ɮ jce rߨ ToF ~SFT U AcU | rߨ ASvS@ jvq gUcS s ~ݨ fWAݩ @ AAS j@Av RKo ~Acy @S, s ST ZS TBAS jce jq TBAS Bq OANcr AR ASvS AAcF An | ~SFA@ R K AcU a, ST Tmɬ | ASvS sAR Acr gTH AS, Tmɬ A@ا jq ASc^Ψ mS ~AgsS J f AaU | jq BS aɦR PcAS@ Bw خ rߨ O Y jce c^Ψ, s, AcSf TAgU, sJ sF rߨ j@c H cJOS (rߨ rAS r), BAS PcAS@ AAO T, sJ PA BvOAU TsS ծTnɬv-j Oq rߨ TS Xf ~AgsS (TS Xf F) jce cf@U Tn ASr ca TSK @ ~S@ cAr PcAS@ ~wwA WAv U j@ AcrK Hf rF ~AgsS ( S AZmvcAU gAcKFlcHf ) TZ |


o s wcKH-knq AcrgTH @aS AAS, S, c FR ToS @aS | BfcS cc jTS A@a U@ emrR jaS خ sJ ToF ~S@q rw rn @H J@ H T Oa, sTS -- خ Tc\v (~EOs Hf) | A@^, F@cq T i Z cAXo ZAv, S @S c^Ψ sF H cJAO AwAA A aS AAS | jTSq j@BS Y S@بcc | S@بcc @ \UZ @q , @H, S@بcc j@ ~Xgk QT Acr خ@ jTSgc sF @a, s ~SF @ Q c S | S@بcc ~T T ~U خ AwAA cA | ASB T@ئ۰ cA j@ I-cpA ި cU UqvASe-j gc AAvBT, vAUFA, g^ qFA QT J @ݫ | g^ c ~U@ذpA @ dH S@بcc ~w @q rߨ cF Acް c^ ~cw S, "pAcf c Bw @q ~S @ , ~ ~S@ c @ ɦR A | A@ا R ɴU cFv wU ~S@ AcrKgc @ػ @ ~So @A " (S@بcc R jU ) | o rߨ Acް c^ J@ coS @ Rq S, J Q q Acް@ @vS BSF ASB AcrK QT@ cFc @ s A@a @ c, q cA@aq AAS @S | UTS NTwvS rߨ ~F^ TkUFcS ASAv RKo TU OA @aS, j WvS S@بcc BS wU, AAS NTwvS OA @S s AAS NTwvS@ jU ZcS, jce Ac rߨ RKo TU J Oq | Ugf NTwvS q mc TS ASU @ A @ cABU W BU Ag S r jU AZ S S@بcc, jce Wxv a@ jq ~U \@ɩ OUa jq aAcAv ASB ~U@ذpA UANo @UR NTwvS@ @\AS@ S ZJB q wS BU b@ ASm @S S AAS ; j @H Ac AAS rߨ@ cUaS, "~S T jTS j@BS U@, sJ ~B ~AT ASr v@ T j@Av AcAUA RKo A@S AS s Aa ~T i@بT BSF, J rn A@ ~ rK Z A ~AT ?" jTS ASTUY OAn AF ɩ cr A@a @UR, ~T cTS TB Zcq AcU | q BSF jq B U TSKAv Zc Bq ~T TS B @ AS S |


jc Zɰ AUcc R خ rߨ A@a AcrK AO R s@ | J ި ST AnU@r rߨ | AwAA mU @ Tn c ca c TFAv@ r @ AAS @U@ɩ sS @UB ަ rF | Oɳ ca c ~q.j.A. jce KU ca AAB-@ATAmv gU ~Sɮ AS Ac.j.A. r @S | Acr ca c @U@ɩ mAvrOO @UB ް˻AcS ~oF@ Ac @B sw S | @B@T OUAaU gU, j ToFq J Aީ, rf Anިr rߨ ~m S | J AaU vN@ w s il il Ys^ An c^ s | AAS ~ݨcA@ AaUS, "U@ cU o^^A" | j@c Av@ئfcc ArKF J@ AS ~ rߨ Aީ @a rɮ@ AOA@l BSF | AAS sZS Av@ئfcc BSF RKo PA @aS, q T o J@ mHHf ^S cU S, jce jR cUS s vN@ w jq wa ɩq c | A@^, ZS ~ j T AaU S J Aީ s @ kk @MAU Aw jq wa ^S @ s | rߨ @UB O@A R O ca , j@ kwkB wq J Aީ TpF | Aީ TpF @U@ @ aOA\Ur A@UATv k aB بv JO a r @MAU Aw OT TA^ AaS j@ BU @ mHHf wa ZJB AS ~S rߨ | jq wa ɩ @q PA ATA@شU cA | j AAS j@ j@ PA @S "~FSqAAUS AmU,.. s rn@ AS S @ ASAEO @ ; j@ArASe AU -- s ABg U ZU rf rf@U wT ~ wT@U i Z ; UmpA AA ~S BSF ATTcS ; WT ~cF˻ cA TSAUS ; ~A m BU ~U c BSF UATASTF ; ~OS gK qeAB ~Scɰ @ BSF AUʨwɬ ; AZ@ ArQ c BSF ~ASS |" jaɦR SAgw, ~TASm, mɬwS, TF̵, @FTAަ qFA ~aq | wcKH jce ~Acy aɦ AcAg^ FT ~AgsS ~er ASR cc AcrgTH @aS rߨ | ~Acy@ Ac vTɮ ~Ug jAS q J mS JOAv Trq mf@p | jS TSKAv O AS j@v ~w ~T Bwq | J ASB gK J O s cHS q, TvTAv jq @T, "rc W b@q j@v AcWv O U@ TS ަ U | OT@ Aw AOl@ @q cI UT s, Rv ~ɮU ~S, jce U@v ~ @ش S -- ~Tq a " ( cFTsnf f ) ! sAR aAc Z ~T خ Ov j@c PcAS@خUg S-UR Ai@ v ZR Uw S -- "T OU Sq cUUq OU, c A-wJɬ ~a, ~ OZ j@Bɦ S OrT | rm UUv, OZ fQH cAXo TrS j@v r^ es gc " ( ~EOs Hf ) | c ATAU خ@ @UB A@ec qASgAAv ~A TSswf @S خ c wcK@ cU ~Sq TS SR s | SfU T ~ sJ خ rߨ OQبK Z @ qha KH @S, J BAS AZ s, cTS خ AwAA cA ZAU ! @H, AAS ca S o ASdr | U@TZ rS s s AAS j@v gfKH jATxv @ Aw H S | jR s AAS g̩cKq @S ASAAcAU ~U U@OQب ~ɦU wcKH AST | TvTv jZS AwAA wUR s J Z R sc S, v AF |


@\AcS F jce ~Fɦg ^ ATrU خ rߨ FABl-j ~ScF pA | rߨ@ASf c^ cA@ A@a F s R AaU, A AAa | w\U ~ cU c S, BSF ަ c | ~ A@ F R s , vq gcAa ; jZS SfU Iw ިɰT OUa ! , j R cv ! R A@AOATAO S S ~Tq T AITAIT @a, ~O R A@aq ha S ! e Tc wB ~Tq | @Bq Iw̩ rAU@ rF j@v r aJUT --
-- jq s ަۨ U, Tv @v rߨ@ASf ~a cU ?
-- 1961 @ 1992, jq j@Anr ca Tv OA\Urv @Ar a , SfU mv |
-- ToF ~vAnrv kH jce v ~kH | -- jc gT |
-- ~ s jU me rߨ UZSf @ ~T q, e j j@v@R w\ S cU f cUq s ! Ur qha gAcKF FAB T w\UZ@ c; @S FAB Tq AUZ c, ~SF@T @S S -- v ABڮ @a A@ Ta ! j@c wU "FS" !
-- jq caq cqTU rߨTw cAa | cU w\ ~a R, jTS@f A@a aAcR SA@ ~a, sU ~w @R cAS | SfU cUU Ur A@ A@ | gcZS jq, ~ i @Ac ~T AS ?
-- @ c @a ? ABڮ @q O^ cIa, Zc cJɮ r @ Ua | A@^, ~ Sq, U gwq c !
-- jv j@v wo, @S Bw A@خ cU ? ~S^ cAUrɮ c @a | -~Xgk TZ @ cUU Ur |

Drr ! S UUS ~S ! sA gc @S s j ~T IwIJAvv Tc, Zc gU gcaS | O^ A@ @ wo cUv TS Sc ? @QS S | A@ا ~SR ~ ~T jq U ToF UA@ c @v j@cq Ai@ ha S i@ ! ~c @ZS A@ S UcS ~S ! O ce jc ~T Ai | sR ~w o BAS A sq s j@v cF ~T @U j@T; v U s, rߨTw Tv sA ~ j@v @T , U jq kTUF cB ~ ~S@ cc-T ASAXo cqAv J ^S U A S |







Published October 30, 2002

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