fA@ ̲ -- ^A@r, @بT R FABl

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ceU @pABw Ac pBSrfU ~cS kf | ASިdK cA jTS ~EOs Ag o AFq Acm@ R AcU |

TS q @S avcU vSvAS cq-j c TSTɩS w\ ~S^ ~L T | ^ qUmvrS sw UZ @ w\, ^r An@ @Ar SS@T UZ j@ AS:r rK @ UT | cf^S Sf @Ac r r ~ScF ^ ~J@ Z ~EOs sT | jqc ^A@r OMof (1863-1915) -- AaUS FABl i@ب̰ | cf sɻ ~cU cU, scU, cf R ~ @ة A@a @بT @R Aa Jq ިn | R U Tw R ~SFSF SSS w\ jce ~oH c OUAhOn Ac UT @بT-ިn FABl@ | AS B^ o THAr\, ArAF, AOnAcF, vwA OOɻ jJ Ar @ cpXo s^ cq@ ~SAcU ~S^ TAB Z waS | ~c AZ s j c rAr fR j AS B^ ̲ Sf T c OU ja |

^A@r Ag AaU cTZf | ~J@, UZ, aZS @B qFA rAr wSR s J @ةZAS ~Sw R ~SrfUS AaU AcAg^ UZ @ ~T BS A | FABl AUZaS -- "J cTZf Ag AO J UZ, wS, aAc, TH @B aA ~a | AcS R Ar\ ~EOs T^ WvAaU ^A@r ToF | cU rAr ZB cABaS AAS, cQ|f OS TH @B TMAU@ wcKH OAUaS |" Mn jq rXo mH o ~T AaS A@ ^A@r fA@ Ag c^ A@a BS A |

^A@r TpOs TATS A ArKF AaUS | ZB, TAST, , cJAr, cU AcAg^ s^ cBS AAS AcrK ̰rf AaUS | av A mgAc@ ~wcr AAS wS AUZS R BSF S mU ~ɰU SfAAcFU mS @ ZS wS rZS | ^A@r cU cBS Zcq ~@K@ AaU | ~A cQ|TB wS AAS ASAT cU cBS | @UB ަ T @q AAS wS rZS R cɰFs^ TTA @B d @S | jQn J PrA\@ R PcAS@ S T^ OZ | A@ػS TAST ~T @Uq ~UAcm AAO | X@S WK AA AcZFɩ jq A@ػS STR Jq R |

^A@r f R s^f AcK A@a w^ OS @AaUS | J AO cU-ArQ R TAST-ArQ @Ar 1904 R 1905 ZpN | f AcK A@a ~TkUF UZR AAS UZS | @U AXo fAcK@ An@ f @Ar@- AAS s AaUS | TS^ OoF cɮf An@R AAS f c^ A@a FkH ASc^ @r @S | mAUA ToFT ^A@r c wS eQH @ O @aS | J jq O BSF ZS@ AS OAU cr A@a wS A sAS | A@a A@a wS @ ݩ ST BS sAS, A@ا AQة AaU | jTSq j@Av mrf wS -- @ATSf S s ~T To mS | ^A@r J TAST ArQ w^ wSAv mAUAޮ @r @AaUS | AAS AaUS cf^S Tcݮf R c^ΨAT | rS s cf^S A@a wS mAUA EOF mvɬ SvrS-j AST e@AU @S |

^A@r ASB sZS OS@ R @, q cQ|fAU gK, gc R ~F^ TTmrf | jq wSAU Qn J PcAr AO R s | J AO @@Av cQ|f AcrKgc \UZswF | Bw ިcɮf gwc TAɮf, B fST ASAZU gcSA, cU AZ gq jTS @ qFA | Bw ިcɮf wSAv jZSR A ca TWlc T Tcgc wR @ | j wSAv @ R ~kc T^ gwcl ~oS gcAv@ BU @ U | TS ^A@r fAg r @r Wva jq wSAv |

UZ, Z R f KT ^A@r AaUS j@ cHT cFAL | jq ASAv pA J ToF sS j@ AwAaU | 1915 ZpN J ~@UH Wv | A@ا cf B^ ToF J Ag A̩ @ |

Aީ jq AcAOn HcUf Ao@ AS @بT B^ 1887 U | @A˩ ~a, ^A@r cf^S "BAK" cU@ ST ިn @ ST ZAaUS ɩ | UZ, ~J@, wS A ~Sw, ^r An@ OUS qFA ToF A J ~oHL AO nTr @r @ | J UZSf @ lA̩ ~AcATr ɮF̮ ceU @Ac@ BU @ UU | T A wS AAS wS BF cr @US | J cS ިHFU Oncf mpA@ AUZaS -- gqcS B^ASU ɰ A wS R ~AgS BT@U iU | @UB aɦ A@aAS ToF AAS SS^ c A @S | jq c BSF AAS Av Sv@ AUZUS -- IUU R UQH rArU | gK@ ~cUcS @ @M@ pA @بT AF j@Av AcrK PcArF | jq Av Sv@ BSF @بT cr A@a A wS AUZUS | UQH rArU Sv@ TH A@a OAn@ T@cF Bwl @ SAT jS Tɮ Tɦ@ UwS a | Sv@ wSAU @ TB cvq, R Zcq ~@K@ | jq Sv@Av wS ToF `~Aa cH, cB bbU', `c cHcFv' qFA wSAU S R wq -- qq gU Uw | FABl AUZaS -- "f OAݩ Ac @بT T AO jq UQH rArU | B B a^ AO wSAU Sv@ ɮF̮@ WSfgk @ |"

A jq ^ wSAU rAr @بT A@a cQ|fR UZS | J f pA jq A@Av s A@av ~BS wa | T TA^ J ~A cB, ASAZU ~S^wS qFA wS J H wgf f ̮ XgA ia | T TA^ wSAv cQ|Acc ~SS j@Av AcrK wS Ac mS @ ASa | ^A@r Tw Acq AaUS cf^ ~Swf | @بT AaUS cf^S dH g ToF ~SFT | cf^S wS gK R J@ AcrKgc gAc @̩ | jq qAv wS UQ @ s | FABl @ j@c \UZ @ SAa s ASAZU ~S^ wS wSAv AAO cf^f rcH o T w | ~SFA@ cf^S ASBq sZS @بT ~cU cU "wS BaS wfyT@U gfyTUOS" @Ac @S, ZS R j@ ~SSF WvS Jɦ |

^A@r R FAB T wS Bw @بT ~cS ݩ v cF@ AaU S | oS @H AAS AaUS ~F^ m\ݨ | J TpF jTS ~@U S U wS g AS:^ AAS ~ TpXo @ sS | Tn aAnr ca c 1923 ZpN J TpF | AAS sZS Zc ~m, cf^S J@ Z sS jce q Ql@ c^ cUAaUS s TpF J AO ~\ S, A@ا ~ɮ^ TpF@ jTS AmAO wH @ AAS Zc @T TSK@q ZaS |

~cU cU rK @Ac rK @@ an ~a --

~AT@U OJAT AT
ɦ cJo Wɦ AT
WAS jU WT W
wS U T |

A R wS AO̩ rK sc Tk jq anAU c^ FABl AUZUS -- "BfcS-TpF A^QH Amϩ jTS A@ة ~ @S ̮ Q c a cU ~T BS Sq |"

FABl ~ɦq ca cݮ sZS @بT BfcSf AScɻAީ | FAB j@ AA Tof TUScfr @ ~T BS A s ~m ~cm AcaS r JS a TAS@@ AAS @ wS rShaS -- TW @U @U s OU aU | FAB wS i ݩ jqZSq d | Zc avMcU @q J wS A ~@KH | QH wS S OqS | OTl@ c RmvS ATAB@-j @ئ SS | ASR ɩ UAw ve ve @ cAB sS | ~wFɻS cABR U O @S | j@v c ciS, Tlv S TrU sS | J EOɩF okްf f ew AaU AcިU | g̩f rmfݮfR FAB S R OO cBSAcA | f AaU J c @B ~SH R f |

T g qha FABl rA^AS@ةS @UgcS ~S | ZS j f @ػ J oH Wv | jq T cf^f rSR s ~c@r | rA^AS@ةS ~@r cɩ aA @ wS J TS AO@UfS ~ɮS @ S |

cf@U j@BS U OUAhOn@ Ac FABl@ ~T Aa | AcAg^ aAc f R cɰFs^ ~oH w ~T gw @Aa | J TA@ aAv aAc aɦ ~ c aAcq AAS f AOUS @AaUS | wf wqS cW cqS R f@ B r aAc wfA@ AASq AaUS | wf wqS .. aAc wSAU @ R TUc^S ~A ^ | AQSf @ d @ oH U@خf cFc aAcAv ̮pA A@ A ~oH ia | f@ B r aAc FABl J l@UfS TBOS ~oH @ ToFT cF @S | jq aAc s wSAU AAS OS @AaUS J ~SSF @AcL @r a R j@q Bɰ TSK@ ~ha^ @a | jZS a cFc Zc kQ cF @r Wva -- ~O cvq ~kc |

FABl OUAhOn cf^f cFc @aS Zc ^gc | A@a A@a aAc wS sS TS w @v s | TS ~cF gc, cS Tk Ri | sTS TS @UިdK R TިdK aAc s ~AT s wAa cc wSv w | TAS @ɡSB aAc @بrha^ A @pA c @ UcHF @i j c c @ | ~w@-j ~ASU @i cABU @ cfH wSAv TSTS AO WvS fQɮg rɮdXo@f Acr@ vSrST @ j@ Tk TS@ @S ~AScOSf U@ MJa | rZ rZR FABl J ~B^ gUcɮ Acrf f ASaS r^ A @ئ cBS ToFT jce ciS FmvU AAS oSf ASB@i r^ TZ AaS |

̽o a^ s fco R wgf ~Sw FABl AaUS ~SSFoH | J TR Zc gU wq S R TT cA wS Ag Os AaU | J ASBR Zc U R gv wU AaU | s@S ATAB@ v@-j T wq R cAB AAS ASB w ASr AS -- R j@ AcU WvS | ~T J ASB BUwf wU wS rS ~kc sw UT rK aAc~w@ | jq aAc TSTS AAS wqUS -- ~^BS ~U, TpBS H | r -- @ c ~U, @ c H ?

Ar\ j@q o AS ިdK pA mkH pAcf qA ~ Sq cUUq OU | ~T Fr gAcKF jq ̲ @r ~ jAw OUc |

Published October 31, 2002

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